Heidrun Faltin

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Activation of the CD95 death receptor as well as ionizing radiation induces apoptotic cell death in human lymphoma cells. The activation of caspases is a hallmark of apoptosis induction irrespective of the apoptotic trigger. In contrast to death receptor signaling, the exact mechanisms of radiation-induced caspase activation are not well understood. We(More)
A combination of antitumor approaches acting on different death pathways seems ideal for increasing therapeutic responses, especially when defined resistance mechanisms interfere with individual cellular processes. Apoptosis pathways triggered by ionizing radiation (XRT) and the death ligand TRAIL were analysed in Jurkat lymphoma cells. Both induced the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitor celecoxib has been shown to inhibit cell growth and to reduce prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in mice. The drug was suggested to increase efficacy of ionizing radiation. However, extent and mechanisms of the suggested benefit of celecoxib on the radiation response are still unclear. The aim of the(More)
PURPOSE Ionizing radiation induces apoptosis in human lymphoma cells. However, the participating molecules and their exact order is unknown. Caspases are reported as essential cysteine proteases required for the activation and execution of programmed cell death. The activator caspase-8 is a key component of the CD95/Fas/APO-1 death receptor-triggered(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The membrane-targeted apoptosis modulators erucylphosphocholine (ErPC) and erucylphosphohomocholine (ErPC3) induce apoptosis in highly apoptosis resistant malignant glioma cell lines and enhance radiation-induced cell death and eradication of clonogenic tumor cells in vitro. Aim of the present study was to elucidate molecular(More)
TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand) is an apoptosis inducing ligand with high specificity for malignant cell systems. Combined treatment modalities using TRAIL and cytotoxic drugs revealed highly additive effects in different tumour cell lines. Little is known about the efficacy and underlying mechanistic effects of a combined(More)
PURPOSE The impact ofapoptosis on radiation-induced eradication of clonogenic tumour cells is uncertain. The aim was to analyse the relationship of different functional stages during the apoptotic process to cell death and clonogenic cell eradication. MATERIALS AND METHODS Apoptosis in Jurkat T-cells was studied by morphology, light scatter and caspase(More)
BACKGROUND The activation of mitogenic cascades via Ras, c-Raf-1, MEK-1, Erk1/2 is a hall- mark of oncogenic transformation. The cascade is also anti-apoptotic by modulation of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and BAD function. The impact of MEK-1 on radiation resistance and the role of drugs targeting MEK-1 for the modulation of resistance is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
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