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The cellular polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) is recruited by the genomic RNAs of picornaviruses to stimulate translation initiation at their internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements. We investigated the contribution of the individual RNA recognition motif (RRM) domains of PTB to its interaction with the IRES of foot-and-mouth disease virus(More)
Upon vascular injury, locally controlled haemostasis prevents life-threatening blood loss and ensures wound healing. Intracellular material derived from damaged cells at these sites will become exposed to blood components and could contribute to blood coagulation and pathological thrombus formation. So far, the functional and mechanistic consequences of(More)
Activation of the G-protein-coupled receptor for glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide facilitates insulin-release from pancreatic beta-cells. In the present study, we examined whether glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide also acts as a growth factor for the beta-cell line INS-1. Here, we show that glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide(More)
A meeting was held at NIBSC, UK in July 2007 to discuss the implications of progress in the use of cell culture systems for the manufacture of vaccines against influenza. Issues discussed included the effect of using eggs and different cell types in strain selection, development of seed viruses to be used in production and the nature of the reagents to be(More)
During the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, vaccines for the virus became available in large quantities only after human infections peaked. To accelerate vaccine availability for future pandemics, we developed a synthetic approach that very rapidly generated vaccine viruses from sequence data. Beginning with hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) gene(More)
FSAP (Factor VII-activating protease) is a new plasma-derived serine protease with putative dual functions in haemostasis, including activation of coagulation Factor VII and generation of urinary-type plasminogen activator (urokinase). The (auto-)activation of FSAP is facilitated by polyanionic glycosaminoglycans, such as heparin or dextran sulphate,(More)
Influenza vaccine production in embryonated eggs is associated with many disadvantages, and production in cell culture systems is a viable alternative. Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells are permissive for a variety of orthomyxoviruses and have proven particularly suitable for vaccine mass production. However, mammalian cells harboring the Prnp gene can(More)
After more than 60 years, the conventional production of influenza vaccines employing fertilized chicken eggs has reached its limits - both in terms of temporal flexibility and vaccine production volume. This problem is compounded by the fact that the pandemic-driven situation in 2009 has roughly doubled the overall vaccine demand. Modern cell culture(More)
We have established a human RNA polymerase I (pol I)-driven influenza virus reverse genetics (RG) system in the Madin-Darby canine kidney 33016-PF cell line, which is approved for influenza vaccine manufacture. RNA pol I polymerases are generally active only in cells of species closely related to the species of origin of the polymerases. Nevertheless, we(More)
The p85alpha regulatory subunit of class I(A) phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) is derived from the Pik3r1 gene, which also yields alternatively spliced variants p50alpha and p55alpha. It has been proposed that excess monomeric p85 competes with functional PI3K p85-p110 heterodimers. We examined embryonic stem (ES) cells with heterozygous and homozygous(More)