Heidi S. Smith

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Two independent two-dimensional (2D) gel methods were used to map an origin of replication that is developmentally regulated by the steroid hormone ecdysone, namely an origin for DNA puff amplification in the fungus fly Sciara coprophila. Initiation of replication was found to occur within a small region of no larger than 6 kb by use of the neutral/neutral(More)
DNA amplification for two major DNA puffs (II/2B and II/9A) of the fungus fly Sciara coprophila increases steeply from 17 to 19 days after hatching (18 degrees C), resulting in almost 20-fold more DNA at these loci in mature larval salivary glands than in adult tissues. At 19 days after hatching when gene amplification reaches a plateau, there is a burst in(More)
DNA puffs occur in Sciarid salivary gland chromosomes; they are sites of DNA amplification and intense transcription and they appear to encode secreted structural proteins needed for pupation. In this report we have used P-element transformation of Drosophila to study regulation of a Sciara DNA puff gene. We found that a 718-bp promoter fragment of DNA puff(More)
The initiation of DNA replication in eukaryotic cells at the onset of S phase requires the origin recognition complex (ORC) [1]. This six-subunit complex, first isolated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [2], is evolutionarily conserved [1]. ORC participates in the formation of the prereplicative complex [3], which is necessary to establish replication(More)
Developmentally regulated initiation of DNA synthesis was studied in the fly Sciara at locus II/9A. PCR analysis of nascent strands revealed an initiation zone that spans approximately 8 kb in mitotic embryonic cells and endoreplicating salivary glands but contracts to 1.2 to 2.0 kb during DNA amplification of DNA puff II/9A. Thus, the amplification origin(More)
DNA replication is normally tightly regulated to ensure the production of only one copy of the genome per cell cycle. However, DNA puffs of the salivary gland giant polytene chromosomes of Sciara coprophila undergo DNA amplification during the normal course of development, overriding this control. This developmental strategy provides more template for the(More)
The maintenance of the expanded state of DNA puffs II/2B and II/9A in polytene chromosomes from stage 14×7 Sciara coprophila salivary glands was assayed after inhibition of RNA synthesis, DNA synthesis, or both processes together. Heat shock conditions were established in order to inhibit transcription. Polypeptides of M r 72,000 and 36,000 were produced in(More)
In chromosomes of metazoa, the assembly of the genome into chromatin makes an important but poorly understood contribution to determining where DNA replication will initiate. We addressed this issue by studying the developmental progression of the location of the DNA replication origin (ORI) and alterations in chromatin structure in one of the best-mapped(More)
A heat-labile protein required for division accumulates during the duplication cycle of Escherichia coli. Its formation appears to commence shortly after the cell divides, and it reaches a maximal amount shortly before the next division. A plausible mechanism for timing cell division depends on building up the critical amount of this protein. Completion of(More)