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Long-term acetate supplementation reduces neuroglial activation and cholinergic cell loss in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroinflammation. Additionally, a single dose of glyceryl triacetate, used to induce acetate supplementation, increases histone H3 and H4 acetylation and inhibits histone deacetylase activity and histone deacetylase-2(More)
We have found that acetate supplementation significantly reduces neuroglia activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release in a rat model of neuroinflammation induced with lipopolysaccharide. To test if the anti-inflammatory effect of acetate supplementation is specific to a TLR4-mediated injury, we measured markers of neuroglia activation in rats(More)
Acetate supplementation in rats increases plasma acetate and brain acetyl-CoA levels. Although acetate is used as a marker to study glial energy metabolism, the effect that acetate supplementation has on normal brain energy stores has not been quantified. To determine the effect(s) that an increase in acetyl-CoA levels has on brain energy metabolism, we(More)
In a rat model of neuroinflammation induced with a low-dose infusion lipopolysaccharide (5.0 ng/hr, LPS), we reported that brain arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4 n-6), but not docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), metabolism is increased compared to control rats. To further characterize the impact LPS has on the induction of injury in this model, we quantified(More)
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