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To assess if amnesics have intact remote memory for general semantic information, we examined memory for vocabulary words with known dates of entry into the language between 1955 and 1989. Amnesics of mixed etiology with acute onset performed normally on both a recall and a recognition task. Korsakoff patients, in contrast, were impaired on both tasks and(More)
Observations in primates and patients with unilateral spatial neglect have suggested that patching of the eye ipsilateral to the injury and contralateral to the neglected space can sometimes improve attention to the neglected space. Investigators have generally attributed the effects of monocular eye patching to activation of subcortical centers that(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive method to induce changes in cortical neural excitability. This report presents findings from the first participant of a safety and efficacy study that examined a therapeutic rTMS protocol for persons with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE The primary hypothesis(More)
Deficits in visual-spatial ability can be associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), and there are several possible reasons for these deficits. Dysfunction in frontal-striatal and/or frontal-parietal systems, associated with dopamine deficiency, might disrupt cognitive processes either supporting (e.g., working memory) or subserving visual-spatial(More)
A loss of speech can be related to disorders of the motor units (paresis), language deficits (aphasia), or speech programming deficits (apraxia of speech). Although apraxia of speech has been reported to be associated with degenerative diseases, we observed a patient with a unique constellation of signs that included apraxia of speech, oculo-orofacial(More)
This study examines a parallel distributed processing (PDP) model (partly based on the Wernicke-Lichtheim information processing model) that posits two routes for naming concepts, whole word and phonological. To test the two naming route hypothesis of this model, we performed confrontation naming tests that were either uncued, semantically cued, or(More)
Keywords: Foreign accent syndrome Acquired foreign accent Pseudoforeign accent Acoustic analysis Phonetic transcription Prosody Speech production Conversion disorder Psychogenic disorder a b s t r a c t We describe the case of a 36-year-old native speaker of English who began using a foreign accent after abrupt onset of problems involving multiple sensory(More)
PURPOSE We explored the reliability and validity of 2 quantitative approaches to document presence and severity of speech properties associated with apraxia of speech (AOS). METHOD A motor speech evaluation was administered to 39 individuals with aphasia. Audio-recordings of the evaluation were presented to 3 experienced clinicians to determine AOS(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may temporarily accelerate knowledge acquisition by neural networks, possibly by promoting rapid Hebbian learning. The authors tested this hypothesis in 20 normal subjects by comparing the impact of 25 minutes of high-frequency left dorsolateral prefrontal rTMS with that of sham rTMS on subsequent(More)
Sleep evaluation can be essential in the treatment of dementia because sleep-related issues are common in dementia, often treatable, affect patient function, and are a major cause of caregiver distress. This article provides a practical approach to treatment of sleep in patients with dementia. Certain specific sleep disorders can be associated with certain(More)