Heidi L.M. De Gruyter

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, increasing in prevalence with age. Most patients who develop AD have an unknown cause, but characteristic neuropathological features include the deposition of extracellular amyloid beta and of intraneuronal hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Researchers have previously implicated mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) is a promising viral vector platform for the development of an H5N1 influenza vaccine. Preclinical assessment of MVA-based H5N1 vaccines showed their immunogenicity and safety in different animal models. We aimed to assess the safety and immunogenicity of the MVA-haemagglutinin-based H5N1 vaccine MVA-H5-sfMR(More)
To the Editor: Aquatic birds form a natural reservoir of avian influenza viruses from which new human and animal influenza viruses originate. After initial detection in 2010 in China, a new highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus of the H5N8 subtype reemerged in ducks in South Korea in 2014 (1,2). The hemagglutinin gene of this virus was distantly(More)
Since the first reports in early 2013, >440 human cases of infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) have been reported including 122 fatalities. After the isolation of the first A(H7N9) viruses, the nucleotide sequences became publically available. Based on the coding sequence of the influenza virus A/Shanghai/2/2013 hemagglutinin gene, a codon-optimized gene(More)
Due to antigenic drift of influenza viruses, seasonal influenza vaccines need to be updated annually. These vaccines are based on predictions of strains likely to circulate in the next season. However, vaccine efficacy is greatly reduced in the case of a mismatch between circulating and vaccine strains. Furthermore, novel antigenically distinct influenza(More)
BACKGROUND Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a biochemical marker used for identifying chronic alcohol intake. We developed and validated an ARCHITECT c8000 (Abbott) instrument application for the Axis-Shield %CDT immunoassay. METHODS Standard CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute) evaluation protocols were performed. RESULTS The(More)
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