Heidi J. Silver

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BACKGROUND This cross-sectional survey was designed to determine the self-reported weight management, dietary and physical activity behaviors of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) patients who were 1 to 4 years after the RYGBP operation, and to identify gaps in follow-up nutrition-related chronic disease prevention. METHODS Questionnaires including(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammation, insulin resistance and vascular dysfunction characterize obesity and predict development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although women experience CVD events at an older age, vascular dysfunction is evident 10years prior to coronary artery disease. Questions remain whether replacing SFA entirely with MUFA or PUFA is the optimal(More)
In the year 2000, multiple global health agencies and stakeholders convened and established eight tenets that, if followed, would make our world a vastly better place. These tenets are called the Millennium Development Goals. Most of these goals are either directly or indirectly related to nutrition. The United Nations has led an evaluation team to monitor(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to determine changes in body mass and body composition in relation to energy balance, inflammatory state, and physical function before and after concurrent chemoradiation (CCR). METHODS Seventeen patients with stage III and IVa head and neck cancer, aged 58.9 +/- 5.4 years, who had completed a 9-week regimen of low-dose induction(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence from animal models suggests that redox homeostasis (the balance between oxidative stressors and antioxidants) and vascular health are important in the pathogenesis of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and that dietary nutrients that have roles in these processes could influence the susceptibility to SNHL. PURPOSE To examine(More)
OBJECTIVES We used stress process theory to identify family caregiving variables that are salient to the experience of managing older adults' home enteral nutrition. In this article, we describe the specific tasks family caregivers performed and their unique training needs in the context of caregiver preparedness, competence, effectiveness, and health care(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the a priori hypothesis that obesity is a predictor of risk for reporting homebound status. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A longitudinal cohort study was conducted with 21,645 community-dwelling men and women 65 to 97 years old. A nutrition risk screen was administered baseline between 1994 and 1999 and again 3 to 4 years later.(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing dietary energy density has proven to be an effective strategy to reduce energy intakes and promote weight control. This effect appears most robust when a low energy dense preload is consumed before meals. Yet, much discussion continues regarding the optimal form of a preload. The purpose of the present study was to compare effects of a(More)
Family caregivers, although uncompensated, provide daily care for more than 75% of the older adults who are dependent on home care technologies such as home enteral nutrition. The high complication rates and poor outcomes seen in older adults suggest that being an effective caregiver requires specialized training in home care technologies, and dietitians(More)
Despite the current global obesity crisis, undernutrition remains prevalent among older adults worldwide. This review compares the efficacy of the main oral strategies used to increase older adults' energy and nutrient intakes, i.e., meal enhancement, multivitamin/multimineral supplementation and oral liquid nutrition supplements. Well-designed long-term(More)