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A new selenized yeast reference material (SELM-1) produced by the Institute for National Measurement Standards, National Research Council of Canada (INMS, NRC) certified for total selenium (2,059+/-64 mg kg(-1)), methionine (Met, 5,758+/-277 mg kg(-1)) and selenomethionine (SeMet, 3,431+/-157 mg kg(-1)) content is described. The +/-value represents an(More)
The increased use of nanoparticles in industrial and medical products is driving the need for accurate, high throughput in vitro testing procedures to screen new particles for potential toxicity. While approaches using standard viability assays have been widely used, there have been increased reports of the interactions of nanoparticles with their soluble(More)
Although recent reports suggest that selenium can modulate the activity of cytotoxic drugs, the mechanism underlying this activity remains unclear. This has been investigated using a panel of human B-cell lymphoma cell lines. The cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents (e.g., doxorubicin, etoposide, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide, melphalan, and(More)
Vanadium is an element whose role as a micronutrient for humans is not yet completely established, but which has been shown to possess hypoglycaemic properties in diabetes. In an earlier study, we showed that in STZ-diabetic rats, exposure to 1 mg V per day has no effect on glycaemia or on antioxidant status. When the exposure was raised to 3 mg V per day(More)
Results of an international intercomparison study (CCQM-P86) to assess the analytical capabilities of national metrology institutes (NMIs) and selected expert laboratories worldwide to accurately quantitate the mass fraction of selenomethionine (SeMet) and total Se in pharmaceutical tablets of selenised-yeast supplements (produced by Pharma Nord, Denmark)(More)
This work represents a first systematic approach to the size-based elemental quantification and size estimation of metal(loid) oxide nanoparticles such as silica (SiO2) in a real food matrix using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled online with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and(More)
PURPOSE Selenium is a trace element that is fundamental to human health. Research has mainly focussed on its role in cancer prevention, but recent evidence supports its role in established cancer, with high concentrations inducing tumour cell death and non-toxic concentrations sensitising cells to chemotherapy. However, the precise mechanism of selenium(More)
We propose for the first time methodology for the determination of a number-based concentration of silica (SiO2) nanoparticles (NP) in biological serum using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) as the online detector for asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4). The degree of selectivity offered by AF4 was found necessary to determine reliably(More)
The determination of total deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) concentration is of great importance in many biological and bio-medical analyses. The quantification of DNA is traditionally performed by UV spectroscopy; however the results can be affected greatly by the sample matrix. The proposed method quantifies phosphorus in digested calf thymus DNA and human DNA(More)
This paper describes the production and characteristics of the nanoparticle test materials prepared for common use in the collaborative research project NanoChOp (Chemical and optical characterization of nanomaterials in biological systems), in casu suspensions of silica nanoparticles and CdSe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots (QDs). This paper is the first to(More)