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The genes coding for the two type I collagen chains, which are active selectively in osteoblasts, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, and some mesenchymal cells, constitute good models for studying the mechanisms responsible for the cell-specific activity of genes which are expressed in a small number of discrete cell types. To test whether separate genetic elements(More)
To assess the role of the transcription factor Sox9 in cartilage formation we have compared the expression pattern of Sox9 and Col2a1 at various stages of mouse embryonic development. Expression of Col2a1 colocalized with expression of Sox9 in all chondroprogenitor cells. In the sclerotomal compartment of somites the onset of Sox9 expression preceded that(More)
We have identified three DNase I-hypersensitive sites in chromatin between 15 and 17 kb upstream of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen gene. These sites were detected in cells that produce type I collagen but not in cells that do not express these genes. A construction containing the sequences from -17 kb to +54 bp of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen(More)
We have examined the expression of the gene for Cart-1, a new homeodomain-containing protein, during rat embryonic development. In early embryos, Cart-1 RNA was detected at high levels in head mesenchyme, lateral mesoderm, sclerotomes and limb bud mesenchyme. These tissues contain prechondrocytic mesenchymal cells responsible for the formation of the(More)
Sox9 is a transcription factor of the SRY family required for several steps of chondrogenesis. It activates the expression of various chondrocyte-specific genes, but the mechanisms and role of cofactors involved in Sox9-regulated gene transcription are not fully understood. Here, we report on the characterization of a Tat interactive protein-60 (Tip60) as(More)
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