Heidi Eberspaecher

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To assess the role of the transcription factor Sox9 in cartilage formation we have compared the expression pattern of Sox9 and Col2a1 at various stages of mouse embryonic development. Expression of Col2a1 colocalized with expression of Sox9 in all chondroprogenitor cells. In the sclerotomal compartment of somites the onset of Sox9 expression preceded that(More)
The genes coding for the two type I collagen chains, which are active selectively in osteoblasts, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, and some mesenchymal cells, constitute good models for studying the mechanisms responsible for the cell-specific activity of genes which are expressed in a small number of discrete cell types. To test whether separate genetic elements(More)
To understand the molecular mechanisms by which mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes, we have used the gene for an early and abundant marker of chondrocytes, the mouse pro-alpha1(II) collagen gene (Col2a1), to delineate a minimal sequence needed for chondrocyte-specific expression and to identify the DNA-binding proteins that mediate its(More)
From a rat chondrosarcoma we isolated a cDNA that encodes a novel homeoprotein rDlx. The homeodomain of rDlx shows a high degree of sequence identity with those of Drosophila Distal-less, mouse Dlx, and Xenopus Xdll proteins. Northern hybridization of rDlx revealed a 1.4- to 1.6-kb RNA species in a rat chondrosarcoma and a cell line derived from this tumor(More)
Type II collagen is a major chondrocyte-specific component of the cartilage extracellular matrix and it represents a typical differentiation marker of mature chondrocytes. In order to delineate cis-acting elements of the mouse pro alpha 1(II) collagen gene that control chondrocyte-specific expression in intact mouse embryos, we generated transgenic mice(More)
We identified a rat cDNA that encodes cartilage homeoprotein 1 (Cart-1). The deduced amino acid sequence of Cart-1 contains a paired-type homeodomain. Northern blot hybridization and RNase protection assay revealed that Cart-1 RNA was present at high levels in a well-differentiated rat chondrosarcoma tumor and in a cell line derived from this tumor. Cart-1(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes are still poorly understood. We have used the gene for a chondrocyte marker, the proalpha1(II) collagen gene (Col2a1), as a model to delineate a minimal sequence needed for chondrocyte expression and identify chondrocyte-specific proteins binding to this sequence. We(More)
We have identified a novel zinc-finger protein whose mRNA is expressed at high levels in the epidermal layer of the skin and in epithelial cells in the tongue, palate, esophagus, stomach, and colon of newborn mice. Expression in epithelial cells is first detected at the time of their differentiation during embryonic development. In addition, during early(More)
We have identified three DNase I-hypersensitive sites in chromatin between 15 and 17 kb upstream of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen gene. These sites were detected in cells that produce type I collagen but not in cells that do not express these genes. A construction containing the sequences from -17 kb to +54 bp of the mouse pro alpha 2 (I) collagen(More)
We have discovered a new member of the class I small leucine-rich repeat proteoglycan (SLRP) family which is distinct from the other class I SLRPs since it possesses a unique stretch of aspartate residues at its N terminus. For this reason, we called the molecule asporin. The deduced amino acid sequence is about 50% identical (and 70% similar) to decorin(More)