Heidi E. Walsh

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We identified subsets of neurons in the brain that coexpress the dopamine receptor subtype-2 (DRD2) and the ghrelin receptor (GHSR1a). Combination of FRET confocal microscopy and Tr-FRET established the presence of GHSR1a:DRD2 heteromers in hypothalamic neurons. To interrogate function, mice were treated with the selective DRD2 agonist cabergoline, which(More)
Rat luteinizing hormone beta (Lhb) gene transcription is stimulated by hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone 1 (GnRH1), and this response may be modulated by other signaling pathways such as cAMP. Here we characterize the ability of cAMP, alone or with GnRH1, to stimulate Lhb gene transcription in mouse pituitary and clonal gonadotroph cells. Both(More)
We investigated whether Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mediate gonadotropin subunit transcriptional responses to pulsatile GnRH in normal rat pituitaries. A single pulse of GnRH or vehicle was given to female rats in vivo, pituitaries collected, and phosphorylated JNK and p38 measured. GnRH stimulated an increase in JNK phosphorylation within 5 min,(More)
GnRH is the main modulator of LH secretion and transcription of the LH subunit genes in pituitary gonadotropes. The LHbeta gene is preferentially transcribed during pulsatile GnRH stimuli of one pulse/30 min and is thus carefully controlled by specific signaling pathways and transcription factors. We now show that GnRH-stimulated LHbeta transcription is(More)
Transcription of the LH subunit genes is stimulated by GnRH and may be modulated physiologically by steroids such as 17beta-estradiol (E). We found that E treatment amplified GnRH stimulation of the rat LHbeta and alpha-subunit promoters, and expression of the endogenous mRNA, in LbetaT2 gonadotrope cells 2- to 5-fold above GnRH alone. We examined gene(More)
Aging is associated with attenuated ghrelin signaling. During aging, chronic caloric restriction (CR) produces health benefits accompanied by enhanced ghrelin production. Ghrelin receptor (GH secretagogue receptor 1a) agonists administered to aging rodents and humans restore the young adult phenotype; therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the metabolic(More)
This study investigated whether estradiol (E2) or testosterone (T) activate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (Ca/CaMK II), as indicated by enzyme phosphorylation in rat pituitaries. In vivo studies used adult female rats given E2, T, or empty silastic capsules (vehicle controls). Twenty-four hours later,(More)
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