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N-Chlorotaurine (taurine chloramine), formed by treating taurine with hypochlorous acid, was shown to decompose to sulphoacetaldehyde with a first-order rate constant of 9.9+/-0.5 x 10(-4).h-1 at 37 degrees C in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. Rat liver homogenates accelerated this decay in a process that was proportional to tissue-protein concentration and(More)
We describe two methods of doing inference during search for a pseudo-Boolean version of the RELSAT method. One inference method is the pseudo-Boolean equivalent of learning. A new constraint is learned in response to a contradiction with the purpose of eliminating the set of assignments that caused the contradiction. We show that the obvious way of(More)
Several proteins expressed in Escherichia coli with the N-terminus Gly-Ser-Ser-[His]6- consisted partly (up to 20%) of material with 178 Da of excess mass, sometimes accompanied by a smaller fraction with an excess 258 Da. The preponderance of unmodified material excluded mutation, and the extra masses were attributed to posttranslational modifications. As(More)
Kinetics are established for the activation of the myofibril from the relaxed state [Smith, Dixon, Kirschenlohr, Grace, Metcalfe and Vandenberg (2000) Biochem. J. 346, 393-402]. These require two troponin Ca2+-binding sites, one for each myosin head, to act as a single unit in initial cross-bridge formation. This defines the first, or activating, ATPase(More)
The effects of taurine (2-aminoethanesulphonic acid) and its analogues, 2-aminoethylarsonic acid, 2-hydroxyethanesulphonic (isethionic) acid, 3-aminopropanesulphonic acid, 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid, and N,N-dimethyltaurine, were studied on the transport of Ca2+ by mitochondria isolated from rat liver. Taurine enhanced Ca2+ uptake in an apparently(More)
This is the first of three planned papers describing zap, a satisfiability engine that substantially generalizes existing tools while retaining the performance characteristics of modern high-performance solvers. The fundamental idea underlying zap is that many problems passed to such engines contain rich internal structure that is obscured by the Boolean(More)
The measurement of cardiac Ca(2+) transients using spectroscopic Ca(2+) indicators is significantly affected by the buffering properties of the indicators. The aim of the present study was to construct a model of cardiac Ca(2+) buffering that satisfied the kinetic constraints imposed by the maximum attainable rates of cardiac contraction and relaxation on(More)
A method is described for determining carbonyl groups that is especially suitable for use with proteins and peptides. It involves the determination of the extinction at 370nm of a sample solution after adding 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. The reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine with pyruvoylglycine and with transaminated ribonuclease T(1) is presented; the(More)