Heidi Buchmayer

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BACKGROUND Regional citrate anticoagulation during hemodialysis is performed in selected patients at highly specialized units. We postulated that routine use of citrate at a long-term dialysis ward is safe and efficient. METHODS During a 2-year period, we studied 1,009 consecutive citrate-anticoagulated high-flux hemodialysis treatments performed in 59(More)
In a randomized crossover trial, we compared a simple citrate anticoagulation protocol for high-flux hemodialysis with standard anticoagulation by low-molecular-weight heparin (dalteparin). Primary end points were urea reduction rate (URR), Kt/V, and control of electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis. Secondary end points were bleeding time at vascular(More)
The effect of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C-->T and 1298A-->C on total homocysteine (tHcy), folate and vitamin B(12) levels was investigated in 733 kidney graft recipients. The six major genotype combinations were used as grouping variables, and age, gender, BMI, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance and ln-folate, ln-vitamin(More)
OBJECTIVE The polymorphism 825C-->T in exon 10 of the gene GNB3 encoding the beta3 subunit of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding regulatory proteins (G-proteins) results in a splicing variant (GNB3-s) in which the nucleotides 498-620 of exon 9 are deleted. The T allele has been shown to be overrepresented in patients with essential hypertension.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia is increased in critically ill patients and correlates with disease severity and mortality in these patients. DESIGN A prospective study. SETTING Three medical intensive care units at the University of vienna Medical School serving both medical and surgical patients. PATIENTS(More)
The effectiveness of intravenous folinic acid or intravenous folic acid for the treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia of hemodialysis patients is unknown. In a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial, 66 hemodialysis patients were administered either 15 mg of folic acid or an equimolar amount (16.1 mg) of folinic acid intravenously three times weekly.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients receiving recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) may experience side effects arising from the vascular system. The underlying mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. METHODS To elucidate downstream events following erythropoietin receptor triggering, a differential display analysis of human vascular endothelial cell mRNA was(More)
Homocysteine is associated with atherosclerosis and enhanced cardiovascular risk. In previous studies, treatment with folic acid up to 15 mg/d failed to correct hyperhomocysteinemia in the majority of end-stage renal disease patients. A dose of 30 or 60 mg of folic acid per day was compared with 15 mg/d in an attempt to normalize hyperhomocysteinemia in 150(More)
Recent genetic studies have led to the characterization of molecular determinants contributing to the pathogenesis of hyperhomocysteinemia. In this article we summarize the current insights into the molecular genetics of severe, moderate and mild hyperhomocysteinemia. We will consider deficiencies of the trans-sulfuration enzyme cystathionine beta-synthase(More)
The effect of the combined 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C-->T and 1298A-->C genotype on total homocysteine (tHcy), folate, and vitamin B(12) plasma levels was investigated in 983 subjects, including 415 hemodialysis patients, 179 peritoneal dialysis patients, and 389 healthy individuals. Mean tHcy plasma concentrations were 27.2 +/-(More)