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OBJECTIVE The study determines the incidence of SSRI-induced hyponatraemia due to SIADH in an elderly psychiatric inpatient population. DESIGN A retrospective case-note study. SETTING An acute old age psychiatry ward. SAMPLE Patients admitted from January 1 to December 31, 1996. MEASURES Demographics, medication, psychiatric diagnoses, plasma sodium(More)
Research suggests there has been a cultural change in the disclosure of diagnosis; most evidence relates to cancer and there is little knowledge of attitudes towards disclosing the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. A questionnaire was used to survey the current practice and attitudes of old-age psychiatrists and geriatricians in Nottingham, UK. The results(More)
Thirty-one abdominal fascial wound dehiscences occurred in 2,761 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery during a 5-year period (1%). Twenty-two specific local and systemic risk factors were analyzed and compared with the risk factors of a control group of 38 patients undergoing similar procedures without dehiscence. Through multivariate analysis, each(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if long-term topiramate therapy is safe and slows disease progression in patients with ALS. METHODS A double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted. Participants with ALS (n = 296) were randomized (2:1) to receive topiramate (maximum tolerated dose up to 800 mg/day) or placebo for 12 months.(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal acidemia increases umbilical venous bupivacaine concentrations in the in situ rabbit model. The authors studied the effects of decreasing fetal pH on the rate of maternal to fetal (M-->F) clearances of lidocaine, bupivacaine, 2-chloroprocaine, and antipyrine (a nonionic marker of placental transfer) across the isolated, dual perfused, human(More)
Two hundred twelve consecutive adult patients undergoing a variety of ambulatory surgical procedures were studied prospectively to investigate whether routine preoperative urinalyses, complete blood counts (CBCs), and electrocardiograms (ECGs) were useful in determining the outcomes of their treatments. Urinalyses (U/As) were abnormal in 83 patients (39%);(More)
Factors affecting lidocaine transfer across the normal term human placenta were studied using the dual perfused isolated single cotyledon. Experiments were performed using perfusates which provided equal protein binding in both the maternal and fetal circuits as well as perfusates that approached the actual in vivo maternal/fetal protein binding gradient.(More)
Cytosine arabinoside is known to cause severe gastrointestinal side effects in an already very ill patient population. Three cases are reviewed in which apparent surgical peritonitis was managed conservatively, with very careful clinical monitoring. Two of the patients recovered completely, and one died of systemic fungal infection. No patient had a(More)
Three hundred ninety-five patients with colon cancer were identified from a community hospital tumor registry and the sites of their primary tumors determined. Two defined anatomical sites (right and sigmoid colons) and two regional anatomical areas (proximal colon including splenic flexure and distal colon) were used to tabulate the location of primary(More)
The recovery time of adrenocortical function was studied in 13 children receiving intermittent high-dosage glucocorticoid therapy (prednisone, 2 mg/kg/day) for one month out of every four months as treatment for acute leukemia. The data indicate that the adrenal gland's ability to respond to stress recovers rapidly from such treatment. The results of our(More)