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The purpose of this study was to establish the distribution, speciation and bioavailability of mercury in mangrove sediments. A systemic survey of surficial sediments from 13 mangrove wetlands of China was carried out. Hg concentrations ranged from 2.3-903.6ngg(-1), with an average value of 189.4ngg(-1). Of the 13 areas surveyed, the Hg content in sediments(More)
Steady-state plasma concentrations of clozapine and its metabolites, desmethylclozapine and clozapine-N-oxide, were measured in 162 Taiwanese patients with refractory schizophrenia. The daily doses of clozapine ranged from 100 to 900 mg, with a mean value of 379.5 +/- 142.2 mg. A dosage of 400 mg/day or lower was used for most patients (n = 131, 81%).(More)
The thermotropic phase behavior of 10 mixed-chain phosphatidylcholines, in excess water, has been examined and compared with that of identical-chain C(16):C(16)PC by using high-resolution differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The molecular weights (MW) of these 11 molecular species are the same, but their delta C/CL values, or the normalized chain length(More)
The influence of the lipid mixing properties on the lateral organization in a two-component, two-phase phosphatidylcholine bilayer was investigated using both an experimental (fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP)) and a simulated (Monte Carlo) approach. With the FRAP technique, we have examined binary mixtures of(More)
1. Plasma haloperidol and reduced haloperidol concentration were measured in four ethnic populations. 2. Plasma samples were obtained under steady-state conditions and obtained 10-12 hours post bedtime dose and prior to the morning dose. 3. Haloperidol and reduced haloperidol plasma levels were assayed by radioimmunoassay and liquid chromatography. 4. A(More)
The influence of acyl chain-length asymmetry on the thermodynamic parameters (Tm, delta H, and delta S) associated with the reversible main phase transition of aqueous dispersions prepared from saturated diacyl phosphatidylcholines was studied by high-resolution differential scanning calorimetry. Two series of saturated diacyl phosphatidylcholines, grouped(More)
As a cis carbon-carbon double bond (delta) is introduced into the middle of an isolated all-trans hydrocarbon chain, it can be shown by molecular graphics that this delta-bond makes a bend of 130 degrees in the chain axis, thus producing a boomerang-like conformation. Such a bent structure, indeed, has been detected experimentally for oleic acid by x-ray(More)
High resolution differential scanning calorimetric studies were performed to investigate the thermotropic phase behavior of 26 molecular species of sn-1 saturated/sn-2 monounsaturated phosphatidylcholines. In parallel with calorimetric studies, the energy-minimized structures and steric energies of the diglyceride moieties of these monoenoic lipids were(More)
To examine the thermotropic phase behavior of various mixed-chain phosphatidylcholines in excess water and to compare it with the known behavior of identical-chain phosphatidylcholines, we have carried out high-resolution differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) studies on aqueous dispersions of 10 different mixed-chain phosphatidylcholines. These lipids,(More)
High-resolution differential scanning calorimetric studies were performed to investigate the thermotropic phase behavior of 31 molecular species of phosphatidylethanolamines in excess water. Upon reheating, the aqueous dispersions of these lipids undergo the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transitions at well defined temperatures (Tm). These Tm values were(More)