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High-resolution differential scanning calorimetric studies were performed to investigate the thermotropic phase behavior of 31 molecular species of phosphatidylethanolamines in excess water. Upon reheating, the aqueous dispersions of these lipids undergo the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transitions at well defined temperatures (Tm). These Tm values were(More)
To help determine whether sustained attention deficits as measured with the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) are stable vulnerability indicators of schizophrenia, we compared the CPT performance of schizophrenic patients before and after treatment with risperidone or haloperidol. In this double blind trial, 56 schizophrenic patients were randomly assigned(More)
The influence of the lipid mixing properties on the lateral organization in a two-component, two-phase phosphatidylcholine bilayer was investigated using both an experimental (fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP)) and a simulated (Monte Carlo) approach. With the FRAP technique, we have examined binary mixtures of(More)
BACKGROUND Haloperidol decanoate is a long-acting depot antipsychotic agent used for the treatment of schizophrenic patients. The decanoate formulation was developed to treat schizophrenics who have a history of noncompliance with oral medication. Studies of techniques to convert from oral to depot therapy have not utilized the pharmacokinetics of the(More)
The influence of acyl chain-length asymmetry on the thermodynamic parameters (Tm, delta H, and delta S) associated with the reversible main phase transition of aqueous dispersions prepared from saturated diacyl phosphatidylcholines was studied by high-resolution differential scanning calorimetry. Two series of saturated diacyl phosphatidylcholines, grouped(More)
As a cis carbon-carbon double bond (delta) is introduced into the middle of an isolated all-trans hydrocarbon chain, it can be shown by molecular graphics that this delta-bond makes a bend of 130 degrees in the chain axis, thus producing a boomerang-like conformation. Such a bent structure, indeed, has been detected experimentally for oleic acid by x-ray(More)
AIM To evaluate the antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of chlorhexidine (CHX). METHODOLOGY The scavenging and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by CHX in the presence or absence of saturated Ca(OH)(2) solutions was evaluated. The reaction emitted chemiluminescence in the presence of lucigenin thus was determined by a luminometer to evaluate(More)
High resolution differential scanning calorimetric studies were performed to investigate the thermotropic phase behavior of 26 molecular species of sn-1 saturated/sn-2 monounsaturated phosphatidylcholines. In parallel with calorimetric studies, the energy-minimized structures and steric energies of the diglyceride moieties of these monoenoic lipids were(More)
An approach is demonstrated for growing aligned ZnO nanowire/nanorod arrays following a predesigned pattern and feature with controlled site, shape, distribution, and orientation. The technique relies on an integration of atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanomachining with catalytically activated vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth. The pattern and growth(More)
Plasma reduced haloperidol (RH) concentrations or RH to haloperidol (HL) ratios have been suggested to be important in determining the clinical efficacy and extrapyramidal side effects of HL. In this study, we measured the steady-state plasma HL and RH levels by high performance liquid chromatography and analyzed the effects of various variables (dose,(More)