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This paper proposes a method for generating a smooth directional vibrotactile flow on a thin plate. While actuating two piezoelectric actuators spatially across the plate, temporal sweeping of the input excitation frequency from zero to the first mode of the resonance frequency can smooth the perceived directional vibrotactile flow, as compared to a(More)
This paper presents three methods of input voltage signals that allow low voltage operation of an electrovibration display while preserving the perceptual feel and strength of electrovibration stimuli. The first method uses the amplitude modulation of a high-frequency carrier-signal. The second method uses a dc-offset, and the third method uses a(More)
Electrovibration is a type of surface haptics that can modulate lateral forces acting between a fingertip and a touch surface. Electrovibration is fast, consumes little power, and does not involve the use of any mechanical actuators. However, it suffers from problems such as nonuniform perceived intensity due to varying environmental impedances, as well as(More)
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