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A hallmark of cells comprising the mammalian adaptive immune system is the requirement for these rare naïve T (and B) lymphocytes directed to a specific microorganism to undergo proliferative expansion upon first encounter with this antigen. In the case of naïve CD8(+) T cells the ability of these rare quiescent lymphocytes to rapidly activate and expand(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines often depend upon a strong activation of the innate immune system to drive a potent adaptive immune response, often mediated by a strong adjuvant. For a number of adjuvants immunological readouts may not be consistent across species. METHODS In this study, we evaluated the innate immunostimulatory potential(More)
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