Heena S Ahmed

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A total of 250 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens were analyzed using a rapid enzyme immunoassay (Pharmacia Meningitis EIA-Test) (EIA) for the detection of antigens of Haemophilus influenzae type b, Neisseria meningitidis (serogroups A,B,C) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (25 selected types). The test is performed in less than 1 h and read by the naked eye.(More)
The clinical presentation and laboratory features in relation to short-term outcome in 118 prospectively studied Sudanese children who were admitted with meningococcal (MC) meningitis and/or septicaemia during the 1988 group A MC epidemic in Greater Khartoum are described. Their ages ranged from 25 days to 15 years (mean: 78 months) and 42% were less than 5(More)
BACKGROUND Incomplete knowledge regarding the viral agents causing respiratory infections in children living in developing countries impedes diagnosis and management of patients. OBJECTIVES To assess the role of viral pathogens in Sudanese children presenting with acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI). STUDY DESIGN The study population(More)
A large epidemic (February-August 1988) of group A sulphonamide resistant, clone III-1 meningococcal meningitis in Khartoum, Sudan is described. A total of 10,099 cases were admitted to treatment centers with 8,397 cases during March and April, corresponding to an annual incidence of 1,679/100,000 inhabitants during this period. The age profile showed a(More)
The study describes an 18-month surveillance of the epidemiological, clinical and microbiological features of childhood acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) seven months after the end of a major epidemic of Neisseria meningitidis (MC) in Khartoum. A total of 125 children, aged one month to 14 years, who were admitted with a provisional diagnosis of(More)
Dieulafoy's lesion accounts for 1-5.8% of cases of acute upper GI bleeding. The two largest retrospective series, both from North America, found Dieulafoy's lesion as the source of hemorrhage in 1.9% and 1.2% of all endoscopies performed for acute GI bleeding. In the prospective study of Chung et al., Dieulafoy's Lesion was found in 3.4% of all patients(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Programmed intermittent bolus injection of epidural anesthetic solution results in decreased anesthetic consumption and better patient satisfaction compared with continuous infusion, presumably by better spread of the anesthetic solution in the epidural space. It is not known whether the delivery speed of the bolus injection influences(More)
Two hundred Sudanese children (105 males, 95 females) with otitis media (OM) were studied. Their age range was from 3 months to 15 years, with 41.5% being below 2 years of age. The presenting symptoms included ear discharge in 96% and pyrexia in 26.5% of patients. Ear ache and itching were reported in 22.5% and 7.0% respectively and impaired hearing in(More)
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