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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease, which causes death of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord. Genetic cause of SMA is the deletion or mutation of SMN1 gene, which encodes the SMN protein. Although SMA patients include SMN2 gene, a duplicate of SMN1 gene, predominant production of exon 7 skipped isoform(More)
CD44 is a transmembrane receptor for hyaluronic acid. CD44 pre-mRNA contains 19 exons, 9 of which are alternatively spliced. Among the CD44 spliced variants, the v4-7 variant, one of the v6 exon-containing isoforms that contains variable exon 4, 5, 6 and 7, confers metastatic potential to non-metastatic cells. Splicing of CD44 and the function of CD44(More)
Alternative splicing plays an important role in the control of apoptosis. A number of genes related to apoptosis undergo alternative splicing. Among them, the apoptotic regulator Bcl-x produces two major isoforms, Bcl-xL and Bcl-xS, through the alternative splicing of exon 2 in its pre-mRNA. These isoforms have antagonistic function in apoptotic pathway;(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease in which the SMN1 gene is deleted. The SMN2 gene exists in all of the patients. Alternative splicing of these two genes are different. More than 90% of exon 7 included form is produced from SMN1 pre-mRNA, whereas only ∼20% of exon 7 included form is produced from SMN2 pre-mRNA. Only exon 7 inclusion form produces(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease and a leading cause of infant mortality. Deletions or mutations of SMN1 cause SMA, a gene that encodes a SMN protein. SMN is important for the assembly of Sm proteins onto UsnRNA to UsnRNP. SMN has also been suggested to direct axonal transport of β-actin mRNA in neurons. Humans contain(More)
CD44 is a cell membrane glycoprotein that mediates the response of cells to their cellular microenvironment and regulates growth, survival, differentiation and motility. CD44 pre-mRNA contains 20 exons, 10 of which are alternatively spliced. Among the CD44 spliced variants, one of the V6 exon-containing isoforms, the V4-7 variant which contains variable(More)
The product of proto-oncogene Ron is a human receptor for the macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP). Upon activation, Ron is able to induce cell dissociation, migration and matrix invasion. Exon 11 skipping of Ron pre-mRNA produces Ron△165 protein that is constitutively active even in the absence of its ligand. Here we show that knockdown of SRSF2 promotes(More)
Binding of cholera toxin B protomer (CT-B) to a pyrene-labeled analogue of its ganglioside GM1 receptor (pyrene-GM1) in the absence and presence of phosphatidylcholine vesicles was monitored using steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy. CT-B association with pyrene-GM1 micelles induces changes in the fluorescence properties of this ganglioside analogue that(More)
The mouse immunoglobulin (IgM) pre-mRNA contains a splicing inhibitor that bears multiple binding sites for the splicing repressor polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB). Here we show that the inhibitor directs assembly of an ATP-dependent complex that contains PTB and U1 and U2 small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). Unexpectedly, although U2 snRNA is present in(More)
U2 snRNP auxiliary factor 65 kDa (U2AF(65)) is a general splicing factor that contacts polypyrimidine (Py) tract and promotes prespliceosome assembly. In this report, we show that U2AF(65) stimulates alternative exon skipping in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)-related survival motor neuron (SMN) pre-mRNA. A stronger 5' splice-site mutation of alternative exon(More)