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OBJECTIVES Antimicrobial resistance and class 1 integrons found in Escherichia coli isolates from humans and animals in Korea were characterized. METHODS E. coli isolates were examined for susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Integrase genes were amplified. Gene cassette regions for classes 1 and 2 integrons were amplified and sequenced. Conjugal(More)
TMPRSS4 is a novel type II transmembrane serine protease that is highly expressed on the cell surface in pancreatic, thyroid and other cancer tissues, although its oncogenic significance and molecular mechanisms are unknown. Previously, we have shown that TMPRSS4 promotes invasion, migration and metastasis of human tumor cells by facilitating an(More)
We report two cases of lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) that developed in a unilateral linear pattern. The patients presented with unilateral linear brown macules on the extremities. Skin biopsy showed orthokeratosis, basal hydropic degeneration with scarce lymphohistiocytic infiltrates, and numerous melanophages in both patients. These patients, to the best(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of melasma is not yet fully understood. Previous studies indicate that dermal environment such as fibroblasts may have an important role in the development of melasma. Recently, it has been suggested that interactions between the cutaneous vasculature and melanocytes might have an influence on the development of pigmentation. (More)
PURPOSE Vitiligo prevalence and its associated comorbidities rate have been reported variably among different populations. We aimed to determine the prevalence of vitiligo in Korea along with the baseline rate of comorbidities and compared the risks to the general population using hospital visit information of the total population in Korea. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Xanthium stramarium (XAS) and Psoralea corylifolia (PSC), phototoxic oriental medicinal plants, has been used in traditional medicines in Asian countries. OBJECTIVE The effects of highly purified XAS or PSC extract combined with ultraviolet A1 (UVA1) irradiation on cell proliferation and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) expression of(More)
BACKGROUND It was previously thought that persons with genetic predispositions to vitiligo develop the condition after exposure to various precipitating environmental factors. However, in many cases, the aggravating factors of vitiligo have not been clearly identified. OBJECTIVE To identify the aggravating factors of vitiligo in the working environment(More)
BACKGROUND White matter hyperintensities (WMH) increase cognitive impairment in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE We investigated the impact of WMH on the neuropsychological profiles in patients with mild to moderate dementia. METHODS We consecutively recruited newly diagnosed patients with mild to moderate dementia across South Korea for 1 year. The(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Dear Editor: The treatment of localized vitiligo(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to be an effective first-line treatment for actinic keratosis (AK). However, a major limitation of PDT is the long incubation time required to allow penetration of the photosensitizer. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess if pretreatment with an ablative carbon dioxide (CO2)(More)