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Sound is encoded within the auditory portion of the inner ear, the cochlea, after propagating down its length as a traveling wave. For over half a century, vibratory measurements to study cochlear traveling waves have been made using invasive approaches such as laser Doppler vibrometry. Although these studies have provided critical information regarding the(More)
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) occurring in proteins determine their functions and regulations. Proteomic tools are available to identify PTMs and have proved invaluable to expanding the inventory of these tools of nature that hold the keys to biological processes. Cysteine (Cys), the least abundant (1-2%) of amino acid residues, are unique in that(More)
Buprenorphine analogs have been synthesized. In the studies of analgesic and addictive effects in mice and [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding assay in human brain tissue, an analog of buprenorphine where the tert-butyl is replaced by a cyclobutyl moiety (16) has been identified as a selective kappa-partial agonist which gives antinociceptive effects, but has low(More)
UNLABELLED The exquisite sensitivity and frequency discrimination of mammalian hearing underlie the ability to understand complex speech in noise. This requires force generation by cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) to amplify the basilar membrane traveling wave; however, it is unclear how amplification is achieved with sharp frequency tuning. Here we(More)
Free-radical polymerization inside mesoporous silica has been investigated in order to open a route to functional polymer-silica composite materials with well-defined mesoporosity. Various vinyl monomers, such as styrene, chloromethyl styrene, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and methacrylic acid, were polymerized after impregnation into mesoporous silicas with(More)
delta-Lactam-based hydroxamic acids, inhibitors of histone deacetylase (HDAC), have been synthesized via ring closure metathesis of key diene intermediates followed by conversion to hydroxamic acid analogues. The hydroxamic acids 12a, 12b, and 17c showed potent inhibitory activity in HDAC enzyme assay. The hydroxamic acid 12b exhibited growth inhibitory(More)
Speckle noise is one of the dominant factors that degrade image quality in optical coherence tomography (OCT). Here, we propose a new strategy, interleaved OCT (iOCT), for spatial compounding and angular compounding. We demonstrate the efficiency of compounding with iOCT to restrain speckle noise without compromising imaging speed in phantoms and tissue(More)
Novel delta-lactam-based HDAC inhibitors which have various substituted benzyl, bi-aromatic cap groups were prepared using ring closure metathesis reaction, and evaluated their HDAC inhibitory activities and anti-proliferative effects. Among prepared analogues, 11m and 11o have very strong HDAC enzymatic inhibition and showed the most potent growth(More)
Prestin is a membrane protein necessary for outer hair cell (OHC) electromotility and normal hearing. Its regulatory mechanisms are unknown. Several mouse models of hearing loss demonstrate increased prestin, inspiring us to investigate how hearing loss might feedback onto OHCs. To test whether centrally mediated feedback regulates prestin, we developed a(More)
We present a novel and cost-effective technique--interleaved optical coherence tomography (iOCT)--to enhance the imaging speed of swept source OCT systems by acquiring data from multiple lateral positions simultaneously during a single wavelength sweep, using a single detector and a virtually imaged phase array (VIPA) as a multi-band demultiplexer. This(More)