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X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria, and tumor-induced osteomalacia share clinical and biochemical features, and are collectively referred to as hypophosphatemic rickets (HR). Recently, the molecular bases of HR were elucidated. A review of medical(More)
Familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC), an autosomal recessive renal tubular disorder, is characterized by the impaired tubular reabsorption of magnesium and calcium in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle and an eventual progression to end-stage renal disease. Recent studies have reported that this disease is(More)
Although several genetic causes of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) have been identified, occurrence of these genetic abnormalities appears to be influenced by race. Seventy Korean children (39 girls, 31 boys) with SRNS underwent analysis for mutations of WT1 and NPHS2. Although NPHS2 mutations were not present in any of the patients, two(More)
Recent advances have shown that atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disease of complement dysregulation. Almost 50% of cases are associated with mutations in the three complement regulatory genes, factor H (HF1), membrane co-factor protein (MCP) and factor I (IF). The corresponding gene products act in concert and affect the same enzyme,(More)
Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) is a rare cause of asymptomatic proteinuria (AP) or nephrotic syndrome (NS) in childhood. To improve our understanding of its clinical course, we retrospectively reviewed 19 cases of idiopathic MN seen in our hospital over a period of 28.5 years, i.e., from January 1977 to July 2005. Eight patients (39%) had AP and 11(More)
Formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species is a precipitating event in an array of neuropathological conditions. In response to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, transcriptionally dependent mechanisms drive the up-regulation of ROS scavenging proteins which, in turn, limit the extent of brain damage. Here, we employed a transgenic(More)
To date, two responsible genes for the development of Dent disease have been identified: CLCN5 and OCRL1. In this study, genotype-phenotype correlations were studied in patients with Dent disease and those with Lowe syndrome. Among the 12 boys with a phenotype typical of Dent disease, nine had a mutation in CLCN5 (Dent disease 1), two had a mutation in(More)
To review the clinical course and identify prognostic factors, we retrospectively analyzed 92 children with steroid-resistant primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The mean age of onset was 80.4±42.4 months. The mean follow-up duration was 98.2±63.3 months. Eighty-five patients presented with nephrotic syndrome and seven presented with(More)
Renal coloboma syndrome (RCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by PAX2 gene mutations and characterized by renal hypoplasia and optic disc coloboma. The clinical findings were retrospectively reviewed, and all coding regions of the PAX2 gene were sequenced, in six children with RCS. A c.619_620insG mutation was detected in five patients, including(More)