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Formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species is a precipitating event in an array of neuropathological conditions. In response to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, transcriptionally dependent mechanisms drive the up-regulation of ROS scavenging proteins which, in turn, limit the extent of brain damage. Here, we employed a transgenic(More)
Excitotoxic cell death is one of the precipitating events in the development of temporal lobe epilepsy. Of particular prominence is the loss of GABAergic hilar neurons. Although the molecular mechanisms responsible for the selective vulnerability of these cells are not well understood, activation of the extracellular signal-regulated(More)
Imprinted genes are expressed from only one of the parental alleles and are marked epigenetically by DNA methylation and histone modifications. Disruption of normal imprinting leads to abnormal embryogenesis, certain inherited diseases, and is associated with various cancers. In the context of screening for the gene(s) responsible for the alteration of(More)
Adult progenitor cell proliferation in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus is a dynamic process that is modulated by an array of physiological process, including locomotor activity and novel environmental stimuli. In addition, pathophysiological events, such as ischemia and status epilepticus (SE), have been shown to stimulate neurogenesis.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into specialized cell lineages such as osteoblasts and adipocytes in vitro. There exists a reciprocal relationship between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MSCs that an osteogenic phenotype occurs at the expense of an adipogenic phenotype and vice versa, which in turn influence(More)
The development of epilepsy is often associated with marked changes in central nervous system cell structure and function. Along these lines, reactive gliosis and granule cell axonal sprouting within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus are commonly observed in individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Here we used the pilocarpine model of TLE in mice(More)
Here we analyzed the light-responsiveness of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) cascade, a key regulator of inducible translation, in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the locus of the master circadian clock. Brief light exposure during the subjective night, but not during the subjective day, triggered rapid phosphorylation (a marker of catalytic(More)
Evidence of dysregulation of the CREB/CRE transcriptional pathway in animal models of Huntington's disease (HD) suggests that strategies designed to augment CRE-mediated transcription may be of therapeutic value. Here, we investigated the consequences of CREB activation and repression in chemical and transgenic mouse models of HD. In the 3-nitropropionic(More)
Inducible gene expression appears to be an essential event that couples light to entrainment of the master mammalian circadian clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. Recently, we reported that light triggers phase-dependent activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, a major regulator of protein(More)
Clostridium cellulovorans, an anaerobic bacterium, degrades native substrates efficiently by producing an extracellular enzyme complex called the cellulosome. All cellulosomal enzyme subunits contain dockerin domains that can bind to hydrophobic domains termed cohesins which are repeated nine times in CbpA, the nonenzymatic scaffolding protein of C.(More)