Hee-Shang Youn

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The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide. Obesity can cause hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Many environmental or genetic factors have been suggested to contribute to the development of obesity, but there is no satisfactory explanation for its increased(More)
OBJECTIVE Crohn's disease (CD) is an intractable inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) of unknown cause. Recent meta-analysis of the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and Immunochip data identified 163 susceptibility loci to IBD in Caucasians, however there are limited studies in other populations. METHODS We performed a GWAS and two validation studies in(More)
The whole genome sequences of Helicobacter pylori strain 26695 have been reported. Whole cell proteins of H. pylori strain 26695 cells were obtained and analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis, using immobilized pH gradient strips. The most abundant proteins were shown in the region of pI 4.0-9.5 with molecular masses from 10 to 100 kDa. Soluble(More)
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) is a novel protein involved in the induction of Helicobacter pylori-mediated apoptosis; however, the signal pathway involved in GGT-induced apoptosis remains unclear. Using DNA recombination techniques, ggt was cloned into pET117b and transformed into Escherichia coli. Recombinant GGT was purified using nickel-affinity(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) is an intractable inflammatory bowel disease of unknown cause. Recent genome-wide association studies of CD in Korean and Japanese populations suggested marginal sharing of susceptibility loci between Caucasian and Asian populations. As the 7 identified loci altogether explain 5.31% of the risk for CD, the objective of this(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies and meta-analyses have identified 47 susceptibility loci for ulcerative colitis (UC) in Caucasian populations. A previous genome-wide association study of UC in a Japanese population suggested marginal sharing of susceptibility loci between Caucasian and Asian populations. We performed a genome-wide(More)
Helicobacter pylori causes gastroduodenal disease, which is mediated in part by its outer membrane proteins (OMPs). To identify OMPs of H. pylori strain 26695, we performed a proteomic analysis. A sarcosine-insoluble outer membrane fraction was resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis with immobilized pH gradient strips. Most of the protein spots, with(More)
Infection with Helicobacter pylori leads to gastritis, peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. Moreover, when the gastric mucosa is exposed to H. pylori, gastric mucosal inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (Il-8) and reactive oxygen species increase. Anthocyanins have anti-oxidative, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of(More)
The roles that accessory gene products play in activating the Helicobacter pylori urease apoprotein were examined. The activity of the urease apoprotein increased in the following order when it was expressed with the accessory genes: ureG<ureGH<ureFGH<ureEFGH<ureIEFGH. Moreover, stepwise additions of ureE and ureI to ureFGH significantly increased urease(More)
We describe cardiovascular responses during the Valsalva maneuver and syncope in the youngest reported patient with stretch syncope, which was induced by neck stretching and back hyperextension. The pattern of cardiovascular responses during stretch syncope was similar to that during a pathologic Valsalva maneuver, indicating adrenergic dysfunction in this(More)