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Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is one of the most well-known tomato-infecting begomoviruses and transmitted by Bemisia tabaci. Seed transmission has previously been reported for some RNA viruses, but TYLCV has not previously been described as a seed-borne virus. In 2013 and 2014, without whitefly-mediated transmission, TYLCV was detected in young(More)
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a member of the genus Begomovirus, has a single-stranded DNA genome. TYLCV can induce severe disease symptoms on tomato plants, but other hosts plants such as cucurbits and peppers are asymptomatic. A full-length DNA clone of a Korean TYLCV isolate was constructed by rolling-circle amplification from TYLCV-infected(More)
Although surgery and radiation are beneficial for treating cancer, they can also lead to malfunctions of the lymphatic system such as secondary lymphedema. This abnormality of the lymphatic system is characterized by severe swelling, adipogenesis, inflammation, and fibrosis in the lymphedematous region. Moreover, the proliferation of fibrotic tissue in the(More)
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