Learn More
Human lung adenocarcinoma, the most prevalent form of lung cancer, is characterized by many molecular abnormalities. K-ras mutations are associated with the initiation of lung adenocarcinomas, but K-ras-independent mechanisms may also initiate lung tumors. Here, we find that the runt-related transcription factor Runx3 is essential for normal murine lung(More)
The transcription factors Ets-1 and AML1 (the alphaBl subunit of PEBP2/CBF) play critical roles in hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis, and cooperate in the transactivation of the T cell receptor (TCR) beta chain enhancer. The DNA binding capacity of both factors is blocked intramolecularly but can be activated by the removal of negative regulatory domains.(More)
Genes involved in the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway are frequently altered in several types of cancers, and a gastric tumor suppressor RUNX3 appears to be an integral component of this pathway. We reported previously that apoptosis is notably reduced in Runx3-/- gastric epithelial cells. In the present study, we show that a(More)
The RUNX1/AML1 gene encodes a transcription factor essential for the generation of hematopoietic stem cells and is frequently targeted in human leukemia. In human RUNX1-related leukemias, the RAS pathway is often concurrently mutated, but the mechanism of the synergism remains elusive. Here, we found that inactivation of Runx1 in mouse bone marrow cells(More)
The RUNX family represents a small group of heterodimeric transcription factors that master-regulate osteogenesis and hematopoiesis in mammals. Their genetic defects cause human diseases such as cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and acute myelogenous leukemia. However, the mechanism(s) regulating their functions are still poorly understood. Here, we report a(More)
The RUNX family genes are the mammalian homologs of the Drosophila genes runt and lozenge, and members of this family function as master regulators of definitive hematopoiesis and osteogenesis. The RUNX genes encode the alpha subunit of the transcription factor PEBP2/CBF. The beta subunit consists of the non-RUNX protein PEBP2beta. We found that RUNX1/AML1,(More)
Aspirin has been reported to induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. However, the apoptotic effects of aspirin on human brain tumor cells are not well understood. Here, we have assessed the effect of aspirin on human gliobalstoma cell line A172 and found that aspirin induced the apoptosis of A172 cells, as determined by TUNEL assay, FACS analysis,(More)
The marked induction of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) has been observed in astrocytes during neuropathological processes accompanying reactive gliosis; however, the precise molecular mechanism(s) underlying this GFAP induction remains poorly resolved. Therefore, in this study, we examined whether the change of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)(More)
Adipokines have been known to act as angiogenic regulators in the process of angiogenesis. Recently, we have demonstrated that visfatin, a novel adipokine, has angiogenic activity. However, little has been reported on the underlying mechanism of visfatin-induced angiogenesis. In this study, we report that visfatin-induced angiogenesis is mediated by(More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is caused by haploinsufficiency in RUNX2 function. We have previously identified a series of RUNX2 mutations in Korean CCD patients, including a novel R131G missense mutation in the Runt-homology domain. Here, we examine the functional consequences of the RUNX2(R131G) mutation, which could potentially affect DNA binding,(More)