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Human lung adenocarcinoma, the most prevalent form of lung cancer, is characterized by many molecular abnormalities. K-ras mutations are associated with the initiation of lung adenocarcinomas, but K-ras-independent mechanisms may also initiate lung tumors. Here, we find that the runt-related transcription factor Runx3 is essential for normal murine lung(More)
The RUNX family genes are the mammalian homologs of the Drosophila genes runt and lozenge, and members of this family function as master regulators of definitive hematopoiesis and osteogenesis. The RUNX genes encode the alpha subunit of the transcription factor PEBP2/CBF. The beta subunit consists of the non-RUNX protein PEBP2beta. We found that RUNX1/AML1,(More)
Genes involved in the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway are frequently altered in several types of cancers, and a gastric tumor suppressor RUNX3 appears to be an integral component of this pathway. We reported previously that apoptosis is notably reduced in Runx3-/- gastric epithelial cells. In the present study, we show that a(More)
Arrest defective 1 (ARD1) is an acetyltransferase that is highly conserved across organisms, from yeasts to humans. The high homology and widespread expression of ARD1 across multiple species and tissues signify that it serves a fundamental role in cells. Human ARD1 (hARD1) has been suggested to be involved in diverse biological processes, and its role in(More)
ARD1 is an acetyltransferase with several variants derived from alternative splicing. Among ARD1 variants, mouse ARD1(225) (mARD1(225)), mouse ARD1(235) (mARD1(235)), and human ARD1(235) (hARD1(235)) have been the most extensively characterized and are known to have different biological functions. In the present study, we demonstrated that mARD1(225),(More)
The RUNX1/AML1 gene encodes a transcription factor essential for the generation of hematopoietic stem cells and is frequently targeted in human leukemia. In human RUNX1-related leukemias, the RAS pathway is often concurrently mutated, but the mechanism of the synergism remains elusive. Here, we found that inactivation of Runx1 in mouse bone marrow cells(More)
Aspirin has been reported to induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. However, the apoptotic effects of aspirin on human brain tumor cells are not well understood. Here, we have assessed the effect of aspirin on human gliobalstoma cell line A172 and found that aspirin induced the apoptosis of A172 cells, as determined by TUNEL assay, FACS analysis,(More)
The polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2alphaB (AML1/PEBP2alphaB/Cbfa2) plays a pivotal role in granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mediated differentiation of a myeloid progenitor cell line, 32Dc13. In this article, we report the identification of a PEBP2alphaB interacting protein, Ear-2, an orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor(More)
Angiogenesis is important for adult tissue regeneration as well as normal development. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a unique potent angiogenic factor, and plays an essential role in regulating angiogenesis during embryonic development, normal tissue growth, and tissue regeneration. Recent evidence shows that nerve growth factor (NGF) also(More)
The transcription factors Ets-1 and AML1 (the alphaBl subunit of PEBP2/CBF) play critical roles in hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis, and cooperate in the transactivation of the T cell receptor (TCR) beta chain enhancer. The DNA binding capacity of both factors is blocked intramolecularly but can be activated by the removal of negative regulatory domains.(More)