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OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate clinical comorbidity in children and adolescents with Internet addiction by using structured interview. METHOD The study was performed in 2 stages. We screened for the presence of Internet addiction among 455 children (mean +/- SD age = 11.0 +/- 0.9 years) and 836 adolescents (mean +/- SD age = 15.8 +/- 0.8 years)(More)
Monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) has been thought to be a candidate gene implicated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study evaluates the relationship between ASDs and MAOA markers (i.e., uVNTR and four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)) in 151 Korean family trios with children diagnosed with ASDs, and 193 unrelated Korean controls. The result of(More)
The potential role of the serotoninergic system in the development of autistic disorder has long been suggested based on the observation of hyperserotoninemia in autistic subjects and the results of drug treatment studies. Promoter region polymorphisms (5-HTTLPR) of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) and the 5-HT2A receptor gene (HTR2A) have been(More)
The noradrenergic system modulates attention and arousal. Dysregulation of the noradrenergic system may be involved in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study intended to examine the differences in methylphenidate (MPH) treatment response and pre- and post-treatment cerebral perfusion associated with the G1287A and(More)
Studies of social dysfunction in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have generally focused on the perception of emotional words and facial affect. Brain imaging studies have suggested that the fusiform gyrus is associated with both the comprehension of language and face recognition. We hypothesized that patients with ASD would have decreased(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between attention deficit-hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and Internet addiction. In total, 535 elementary school students (264 boys, 271 girls; mean age, 11.0 +/- 1.0 years) were recruited. The presence or severity of Internet addiction was assessed by the Young's Internet Addiction test.(More)
This study evaluated the association between autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and microsatellites (RS3 and RS1) in the 5' flanking region of AVPR1A in 148 Korean trios comprising children with ASDs. In the transmission equilibrium test and haplotype analysis, we found a statistically significant association between microsatellites and Korean ASDs.
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and biogenetic temperament, as assessed by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) in Korean elementary school children. SAMPLING AND METHODS Five hundred and sixteen elementary school students (254 boys(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor 2B gene (GRIN2B) was studied as a candidate gene of alcoholism. This study aimed to investigate the association between each of the three GRIN2B polymorphisms (rs1806201, rs1805247, and rs1805502) and alcoholism. This study included 206 alcoholic patients and 189 unrelated control subjects of Korean origin.(More)
N-Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, one of the glutamate receptors, has a role in the regulation of synaptic activity. It functions as an ion channel in the central nervous system and its inappropriate activation has been implicated in several neurological conditions. To test the association between candidate genes related with NMDA receptors and autism(More)