Hee Eun Kang

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Under hyperlipidemic conditions, there are likely to be alterations in the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C11 substrates following decreased expression of CYP2C11, which is homologous to human CYP2C9. The pharmacokinetics of tolbutamide (TB) and its metabolite 4-hydroxy tolbutamide (4-OHTB) were evaluated as a CYP2C11 probe after intravenous and oral(More)
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with antioxidant, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. The pharmacokinetics of astaxanthin after its intravenous (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) and oral (100 and 200 mg/kg) administration and its first-pass extraction ratios after its intravenous, intraportal or intragastric (20 mg/kg) administration were evaluated in rats. The(More)
Telithromycin and metformin have been reported to be commonly metabolized via hepatic CYP3A1/2 in rats. Community-acquired respiratory tract infection was reported to be frequent in patients with diabetes mellitus. Compared with controls, hepatic CYP3A1/2 was reported to be increased in male rats with diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS rats).(More)
Liquiritigenin (LQ), an active component of licorice, has an inhibitory effect on LPS-induced inhibitory nitric oxide synthase expression. This study investigated the effects of LQ on choleresis, the expression of hepatic transporters and phase-II enzymes, and fulminant hepatitis. The choleretic effect and the pharmacokinetics of LQ and its glucuronides(More)
Pharmacokinetics of liquiritigenin (LQ) and its two glucuronide metabolites, M1 and M2, in mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs and animal scale-up of the pharmacokinetic parameters of LQ were evaluated. After intravenous administration of LQ, the AUC (AUC(0-t)) values of LQ, M1, and M2 were proportional to LQ doses in all animals studied. Animal scale-up of some(More)
In this study, the pharmacokinetics of verapamil and its active metabolite norverapamil were evaluated following intravenous and oral administration of 10 mg/kg verapamil to rats with hyperlipidaemia (HL) induced by poloxamer 407 (HL rats). The total area under the plasma concentration time curve (AUC) of verapamil in HL rats following intravenous(More)
Iron-overload disorders cause hepatocyte injury and inflammation by oxidative stress, possibly leading to liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. This study investigated the efficacy of sauchinone, a bioactive lignan, in preventing iron-induced liver injury and explored the mechanism of sauchinone's activity. To create iron overload, mice were injected(More)
Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a candidate for the treatment of inflammatory liver disease. Many studies have confirmed that hepatic disease and diabetes mellitus are closely associated. Thus, the pharmacokinetic changes of LQ and its 2 glucuronides, M1 and M2, in a rat model of diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS rats) were evaluated. Liquiritigenin(More)
Metoprolol is a selective β1-adrenergic receptor antagonist metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P450s (CYPs). In this study, we evaluated pharmacokinetic changes following intravenous (i.v.) and oral metoprolol in rats with diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS). Metoprolol has an intermediate hepatic extraction ratio in rats (0.586-0.617), and it(More)
Pharmacokinetics of liquiritigenin, a candidate for inflammatory liver disease, and its two glucuronide conjugates, M1 and M2, were evaluated in rats. The hepatic and gastrointestinal first-pass effects of liquiritigenin were also evaluated in rats. After oral administration of liquiritigenin at a dose of 20 mg kg(-1), 1.07% of the dose was not absorbed(More)