Learn More
Extended longevity is often correlated with increased resistance against various stressors. Insulin/IGF-1-like signaling (IIS) is known to have a conserved role in aging and cellular mechanisms against stress. In C. elegans, genetic studies suggest that heat-shock transcription factor HSF-1 is required for IIS to modulate longevity. Here, we report that the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease, characterized by the predominant loss of motor neurons (MNs) in primary motor cortex, the brainstem, and the spinal cord, causing premature death in most cases. Minimal delay of pathological development by available medicine has prompted the search for novel therapeutic treatments to cure(More)
The yeast heme activator protein Hap1 binds to DNA and activates transcription of genes encoding functions required for respiration and for controlling oxidative damage, in response to heme. Hap1 contains a DNA-binding domain with a C6 zinc cluster motif, a coiled-coil dimerization element, typical of the members of the yeast Gal4 family, and an acidic(More)
This paper presents a novel CMOS charge transfer readout circuit for X-ray time delay and integration (TDI) arrays with a depth of 64. The proposed circuit uses a charge transfer readout similar to CCD; thus, the summing of the signal charges can be implemented easily compared with other typical CMOS readout circuits for TDI arrays. The weakness of TDI(More)
Granule exocytosis-mediated cytotoxicity by CD8(+) CTL plays a crucial role in adaptive immunity to tumors and to intracellular pathogens. This T cell effector function has been shown to be defective in various murine tumor models and in human cancer. However, factors and their mechanisms that cause inhibition of CD8(+) T cell lytic function in(More)
—A new readout circuit involving two-step current mode background suppression is studied for two-dimensional long-wavelength infrared focal plane arrays (2-D LWIR FPAs). Buffered direct injection (BDI) and a feedback amplifier are used for the input circuit and background suppression circuit, respectively. The readout circuit has been fabricated using a(More)
The importance of poly-crystalline silicon (poly-Si) in semiconductor manufacturing is rapidly increasing due to its highly controllable conductivity and excellent, uniform deposition quality. With the continuing miniaturization of electronic components, low dimensional structures such as 1-dimensional nanowires (NWs) have attracted a great deal of(More)
Developed over approximately half a century, neural probe technology is now a mature technology in terms of its fabrication technology and serves as a practical alternative to the traditional microwires for extracellular recording. Through extensive exploration of fabrication methods, structural shapes, materials, and stimulation functionalities, neural(More)
PURPOSE Active reduced dose tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination for adolescents and adults is necessary because waning immunity after primary diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccination is related to the recent emergence of pertussis. This study was conducted to compare the immunogenicity and protection efficacy against Bordetella(More)