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We investigated the correlation between the flavonoid content and NO production inhibitory activity of fruit peel extracts using 20 citrus plants. The contents of seven flavonoids (naringin, naringenin, hesperidin, hesperetin, rutin, nobiletin, and tangeretin) were determined by HPLC analysis. Each citrus peel extract varied in flavonoid content, but the(More)
The goal of this study was to elucidate the antiinflammatory activities of Psidium guajava L. (guava) leaf. To improve the functionality of guava leaf, it was fermented with Phellinus linteus mycelia, Lactobacillus plantarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ethanol extract from fermented guava leaf inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide(More)
Post-treatment with nobiletin (5,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxy flavone), which was purified from the fruit peel of Citrus sunki Hort. ex Tanaka, at concentration 6-50 microM significantly suppressed NF-kappaB transcriptional activation, NO and PGE(2) production, and iNOS and COX-2 protein expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Nobiletin(More)
Progression of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation is divided into early (days 0-2, D0-D2), intermediate (days 2-4, D2-D4), and late stages (day 4 onwards, D4-). In this study, we investigated the effects of fucoxanthin, isolated from the edible brown seaweed Petalonia binghamiae, on adipogenesis during the three differentiation stages of 3T3-L1(More)
This study explores the anti-obesity properties of a Sasa quelpaertensis leaf extract (SQE) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese C57BL/6 mice and mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. SQE administration with HFD for 70 d significantly decreased the body weight gain, adipose tissue weight, and serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in comparison with the HFD(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai extract (SQE) and its main constituent, p-coumaric acid, on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells. SQE markedly inhibited adipogenesis by downregulating the expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), sterol regulatory(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and most chemotherapeutic drugs have limited success in treating this disease. Furthermore, some drugs show undesirable side effects due to the enrichment of cancer stem cells (CSCs) that are present, leading to resistance to conventional chemotherapy and tumor relapse. CSCs possess self-renewal(More)
Nobiletin contributes to pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects, but little is known about its effect on melanogenesis. In this study, we found that nobiletin increased melanin content and tyrosinase activity in murine B16/F10 melanoma cells. Furthermore, inhibition of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)(More)
p-Coumaric acid (3-[4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-propenoic acid) is a ubiquitous plant metabolite with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. In this study, we examined whether p-coumaric acid modulates glucose and lipid metabolism via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in L6 skeletal muscle cells. p-Coumaric acid increased the phosphorylation of(More)
Sinensetin is one of the polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) having five methoxy groups on the basic benzo-γ-pyrone skeleton with a carbonyl group at the C(4) position. We investigated in this study the anti-inflammatory activity of sinensetin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Sinensetin showed anti-inflammatory activity by regulating the(More)