Hee Cheol Cho

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BACKGROUND Ex vivo expansion of resident cardiac stem cells, followed by delivery to the heart, may favor regeneration and functional improvement. METHODS AND RESULTS Percutaneous endomyocardial biopsy specimens grown in primary culture developed multicellular clusters known as cardiospheres, which were plated to yield cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs).(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) derived from blastocysts can propagate indefinitely in culture while maintaining pluripotency, including the ability to differentiate into cardiomyocytes (CMs); therefore, hESCs may provide an unlimited source of human CMs for cell-based therapies. Although CMs can be derived from hESCs ex vivo, it remains(More)
Cardiac inward rectifier K+ currents (IK1) play an important role in maintaining resting membrane potential and contribute to late phase repolarization. Members of the Kir2.x channel family appear to encode for IK1. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular composition of cardiac IK1 in rabbit ventricle. Western blots revealed that Kir2.1 and(More)
Cardiac rhythm disorders reflect failures of impulse generation and/or conduction. With the exception of ablation methods that yield selective endocardial destruction, present therapies are nonspecific and/or palliative. Progress in understanding the underlying biology opens up prospects for new alternatives. This article reviews the present state of the(More)
The heartbeat originates within the sinoatrial node (SAN), a small structure containing <10,000 genuine pacemaker cells. If the SAN fails, the ∼5 billion working cardiomyocytes downstream of it become quiescent, leading to circulatory collapse in the absence of electronic pacemaker therapy. Here we demonstrate conversion of rodent cardiomyocytes to SAN(More)
Previous studies have postulated an important role for the inwardly rectifying potassium current (I(K1)) in controlling the dynamics of electrophysiological spiral waves responsible for ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. In this study, we developed a novel tissue model of cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) with uniform or(More)
Calcium cycling figures prominently in excitation-contraction coupling and in various signaling cascades involved in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. We hypothesized that genetic suppression of the L-type calcium channel accessory beta-subunit would modulate calcium current and suppress cardiac hypertrophy. A short hairpin RNA template(More)
Somatic reprogramming by reexpression of the embryonic transcription factor T-box 18 (TBX18) converts cardiomyocytes into pacemaker cells. We hypothesized that this could be a viable therapeutic avenue for pacemaker-dependent patients afflicted with device-related complications, and therefore tested whether adenoviral TBX18 gene transfer could create(More)
To investigate prevalence of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) in patients with Behcet's disease (BD) and to determine whether they are related to anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies (aGPI), we measured aCL and aGPI in 47 patients of BD and 14 patients of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The levels of aCL and aGPI were determined by conventional enzyme(More)
We present a new approach toward the rational parametrization of canal surfaces. According to our previous work, every canal surface with rational (respectively polynomial) spine curve and rational (respectively polynomial) radius function is a rational (respectively polynomial) Pythagorean hodograph curve in R3,1. Drawing upon this formalism and utilizing(More)