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Based on homology search and structure prediction methods we show that (1) the N-terminal N domains of members of the plasminogen/hepatocyte growth factor family, (2) the apple domains of the plasma prekallikrein/coagulation factor XI family, and (3) domains of various nematode proteins belong to the same module superfamily, hereafter referred to as the PAN(More)
Originally the term 'protein module' was coined to distinguish mobile domains that frequently occur as building blocks of diverse multidomain proteins from 'static' domains that usually exist only as stand-alone units of single-domain proteins. Despite the widespread use of the term 'mobile domain', the distinction between static and mobile domains is(More)
We have shown previously that all three fibronectin type II modules of gelatinase A contribute to its gelatin affinity. In the present investigation we have studied the structure and module-module interactions of this gelatin-binding domain by circular dichroism spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. Comparison of the Tm values of the thermal(More)
We have shown previously that all three fibronectin type-II modules of gelatinase A contribute to its gelatin affinity. In the present work the second type-II module was subjected to site-directed mutagenesis in order to localize its gelatin-binding site. The functional integrity of mutant proteins was assessed by their affinity for gelatin using(More)
Human matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) contains an array of three fibronectin type II (FII) modules postulated to interact with gelatin (denatured collagen). Here, we verify that the NMR solution structure of the third FII repeat (COL-3) is similar to that of the second FII repeat (COL-2); characterize its ligand-binding properties; and derive dynamics(More)
Despite significant improvements in computational annotation of genomes, sequences of abnormal, incomplete or incorrectly predicted genes and proteins remain abundant in public databases. Since the majority of incomplete, abnormal or mispredicted entries are not annotated as such, these errors seriously affect the reliability of these databases. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2, gelatinase A, 72 kDa type IV collagenase) has an important role in extracellular matrix degradation during cell migration and tissue remodeling. It is involved in development, inflammation, wound healing, tumor invasion, metastasis and other physiological and pathological processes. The enzyme cleaves several(More)
To identify structures critical for gelatin-binding of 72 kDa type IV collagenase (gelatinase A), fragments of this metalloproteinase have been expressed in Escherichia coli and assayed for their gelatin affinity. Each of the three fibronectin-related type II domains was found to have affinity for gelatin. Fragments containing all three tandem type II(More)
Analysis of the exon-intron structures of 2208 human genes has revealed that there is a statistically highly significant excess of phase 1 introns in the vicinity of the signal peptide cleavage sites. It is suggested that amino acid sequences surrounding signal peptide cleavage sites are significantly enriched in phase 1 proto-splice sites and this has(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) contains three fibronectin type II (col) modules that contribute to its collagen specificity. We observed that the CD spectra of the separate col modules account for the CD and temperature profiles of the in-tandem col-123 construct. Thus, to the extent of not significantly perturbing the secondary structure and thermal(More)