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The humoral immune response against synthetic peptides of two Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage antigens, Pf155/ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) (EENV)6 and Pf332 (SVTEEIAEEDK)2, in individuals belonging to three sympatric ethnic groups (Mossi, Rimaibe, and Fulani) living in the same conditions of hyperendemic transmission in a Sudan savanna(More)
IgG from a donor clinically immune to Plasmodium falciparum malaria strongly inhibited reinvasion in vitro of human erythrocytes by the parasite. When added to monolayers of glutaraldehyde-fixed and air-dried erythrocytes infected with the parasite, this IgG also displayed a characteristic immunofluorescence restricted to the surface of infected(More)
The immune mechanisms whereby malaria parasites are eliminated by the human host or how they may avoid the immune response are poorly understood. Individuals living in malaria-endemic areas gradually acquire immunity. It is well established that this immunity involves both cell-mediated and humoral mechanisms and that T cells are the major regulators in(More)
The Fulani are known to be less susceptible to Plasmodium falciparum malaria infections and to have lower parasitaemia despite living under similar malaria transmission intensity compared with other ethnic tribes. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the Fulani were more polarised towards Th2 as reflected by higher numbers of malaria-specific(More)
In the course of studying immunoregulation in human Plasmodium falciparum malaria we have investigated IgE levels and IgE anti-plasmodial antibodies in children and adults from areas of high malaria endemicity in both Africa and Asia. On average, 85% of all donors had significantly elevated levels of total IgE. A fraction of the IgE had anti-plasmodial(More)
IgE, the immunoglobulin instrumental in atopic diseases is also elevated in many infections. This paper reports on the occurrence and possible pathogenic role of IgE in human Plasmodium falciparum malaria, one of the most widely spread and severe infectious diseases world wide. Plasmodial infections induce IgE elevation in the blood of the majority of(More)
Most children and adults living in areas where the endemicity of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is high have significantly elevated levels of both total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgE antimalarial antibodies in blood. This elevation is highest in patients with cerebral malaria, suggesting a pathogenic role for this immunoglobulin isotype. In this study, we(More)
T cells play a crucial role in antibody-mediated and antibody-independent immunity against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Therefore, a vaccine immunogen should include parasite-derived B- and T-cell epitopes capable of giving rise to protective responses in both systems. The P. falciparum antigen Pf155/ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA), a(More)