Hedvig Perlmann

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Immunoglobulin E has been associated with severe malaria suggesting a regulatory role for interleukin (IL)-4 and/or IgE in the pathogenesis of severe malaria. We have investigated possible associations between polymorphisms in the IL-4 repeat region (intron 3) and promoter regions (IL-4 +33CT and - 590CT) in Ghanaian children with severe malaria. There was(More)
The Fulani are known to be less susceptible to Plasmodium falciparum malaria infections and to have lower parasitaemia despite living under similar malaria transmission intensity compared with other ethnic tribes. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the Fulani were more polarised towards Th2 as reflected by higher numbers of malaria-specific(More)
The humoral immune response against synthetic peptides of two Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage antigens, Pf155/ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) (EENV)6 and Pf332 (SVTEEIAEEDK)2, in individuals belonging to three sympatric ethnic groups (Mossi, Rimaibe, and Fulani) living in the same conditions of hyperendemic transmission in a Sudan savanna(More)
In the course of studying immunoregulation in human Plasmodium falciparum malaria we have investigated IgE levels and IgE anti-plasmodial antibodies in children and adults from areas of high malaria endemicity in both Africa and Asia. On average, 85% of all donors had significantly elevated levels of total IgE. A fraction of the IgE had anti-plasmodial(More)
IgE, the immunoglobulin instrumental in atopic diseases is also elevated in many infections. This paper reports on the occurrence and possible pathogenic role of IgE in human Plasmodium falciparum malaria, one of the most widely spread and severe infectious diseases world wide. Plasmodial infections induce IgE elevation in the blood of the majority of(More)
Most children and adults living in areas where the endemicity of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is high have significantly elevated levels of both total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgE antimalarial antibodies in blood. This elevation is highest in patients with cerebral malaria, suggesting a pathogenic role for this immunoglobulin isotype. In this study, we(More)
Monolayers of human erythrocytes (E) infected with Plasmodium falciparum were briefly fixed with 1% glutaraldehyde and air dried. They were then exposed to sera from patients with P. falciparum malaria or from donors immune to this parasite and tested in an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Parasites in infected E were made visible by counterstaining(More)
The development of vaccines is presently receiving major attention in malaria research. As it is not possible to base malaria vaccines on the use of killed or attenuated organisms, the vaccines which are being developed are subunit vaccines in which the immunogens consist of defined parasite antigens or antigenic fragments. Since protective immunity to(More)
IgG from a donor clinically immune to Plasmodium falciparum malaria strongly inhibited reinvasion in vitro of human erythrocytes by the parasite. When added to monolayers of glutaraldehyde-fixed and air-dried erythrocytes infected with the parasite, this IgG also displayed a characteristic immunofluorescence restricted to the surface of infected(More)
Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes have been reported to sequester in the placenta by adhering to chondroitin 4-sulfate during pregnancy. Earlier studies have highlighted higher susceptibility of primigravidae to P. falciparum compared to multigravidae living within the same endemic areas. The haptoglobin phenotype (Hp1-1) has been associated with(More)