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PGE(2) is a well-known immunomodulator produced in the immune response by APCs, such as dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent APC of the immune system. We investigated the PGE(2) biosynthetic capacity of bone marrow-derived DC (BM-DC) and the effects of PG on the APC. We observed that BM-DC produce PGE(2) and other proinflammatory mediators, such as(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids belong to a complex family of lipid mediators that regulate a wide variety of physiological responses and pathological processes. They are produced by various cell types through distinct enzymatic pathways and act on target cells via specific G-protein-coupled receptors. Although originally recognized for their(More)
Recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria, by microglia occurs through its binding to specific receptors, cluster of differentiation 14 and toll-like receptor-4. LPS binding to these receptors triggers the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines that coordinate the brain innate immune response to protect the CNS of the(More)
Exposure to pathogens induces antigen-presenting cells (APC) such as macrophages and dendritic cells (DC) to produce various endogenous mediators, including arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids, cytokines, and nitric oxide (NO). Many secreted products of activated APC can act by themselves in an autocrine manner and modulate their function. Moreover,(More)
We have reported previously that PGE(2) inhibits dendritic cells (DC) functions. Because E prostanoid receptor (EPR) subtypes involved in this action are unknown, expression and functions of these receptors were examined in DC. Western blot and flow cytometry analyses showed that all EPRs were coexpressed in DC. In a dose-dependent manner,(More)
Several endogenously produced mediators, including cytokines such as IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha and prostanoids such as prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), regulate dendritic cell (DC) function and contribute to immune homeostasis. In this study, we report that exogenous PGE(2) enhances the production of IL-10 from bone marrow-derived DC (BM-DC). IL-6, but not(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is a key cytokine involved mainly in the defense against intracellular pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Given its key role in the control of tuberculosis (TB), in the present article we have investigated a possible association between IFN-γ gene single-nucleotide polymorphism linked to high and low producer phenotypes(More)
PGs produced from arachidonic acid by the action of cyclooxygenase enzymes play a pivotal role in the regulation of both inflammatory and immune responses. Because leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a product of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway, can exert numerous immunoregulatory and proinflammatory activities, we examined the effects of PGs on LTB4 release from(More)
The P2X7 receptor has been found to be linked to an increased risk for tuberculosis in some populations. In this study, we investigate whether the P2X7 receptor plays a role in increasing susceptibility to tuberculosis in Tunisia. We examined two 1513A/C and -762T/C polymorphisms at the P2X7 receptor in 168 patients with pulmonary TB (pTB), 55 patients with(More)
RANTES plays a pivotal role in attracting and activating various leukocyte populations that control Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The present study investigated the relationship between the RANTES polymorphisms (-28C/G; rs2280788, and -403G/A; rs2107538) and susceptibility to active tuberculosis (TB) in Tunisian populations. A total of 168 patients(More)