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Arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids belong to a complex family of lipid mediators that regulate a wide variety of physiological responses and pathological processes. They are produced by various cell types through distinct enzymatic pathways and act on target cells via specific G-protein-coupled receptors. Although originally recognized for their(More)
PGE(2) is a well-known immunomodulator produced in the immune response by APCs, such as dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent APC of the immune system. We investigated the PGE(2) biosynthetic capacity of bone marrow-derived DC (BM-DC) and the effects of PG on the APC. We observed that BM-DC produce PGE(2) and other proinflammatory mediators, such as(More)
Recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria, by microglia occurs through its binding to specific receptors, cluster of differentiation 14 and toll-like receptor-4. LPS binding to these receptors triggers the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines that coordinate the brain innate immune response to protect the CNS of the(More)
We have reported previously that PGE(2) inhibits dendritic cells (DC) functions. Because E prostanoid receptor (EPR) subtypes involved in this action are unknown, expression and functions of these receptors were examined in DC. Western blot and flow cytometry analyses showed that all EPRs were coexpressed in DC. In a dose-dependent manner,(More)
Exposure to pathogens induces antigen-presenting cells (APC) such as macrophages and dendritic cells (DC) to produce various endogenous mediators, including arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids, cytokines, and nitric oxide (NO). Many secreted products of activated APC can act by themselves in an autocrine manner and modulate their function. Moreover,(More)
Given that preliminary work has indicated that prostaglandins can play a role in modulating dendritic cell (DC) functions, we addressed the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) biosynthetic capacity of mouse DC produced in vitro from bone marrow cells. We observed production of significant amounts of PGE(2), which was reduced by at least 80% when cells were(More)
Cytokine Th1/Th2 balance is known to play a key role in controlling Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Based upon the functional role of the TNF-α [-308 G(low) → A(high) (rs1800629)] and IL-10 [-1082 A(low) → G(high) (rs1800870), -819 T(low) → C(high) (rs1800871) and -592 A(low) → C(high) (rs1800872)] single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on production(More)
PGs produced from arachidonic acid by the action of cyclooxygenase enzymes play a pivotal role in the regulation of both inflammatory and immune responses. Because leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a product of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway, can exert numerous immunoregulatory and proinflammatory activities, we examined the effects of PGs on LTB4 release from(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays crucial role in protective immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT). In this study, we examined whether single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) −2518 A/G (rs 1024611) of MCP-1 affect the susceptibility to active tuberculosis (TB) in Tunisian populations. Genomic DNA from patients with active TB (168(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are essential for the initiation of immune responses by capturing, processing and presenting antigens to T cells. In addition to their important role as professional APC, they are able to produce immunosuppressive and pro-inflammatory prostanoids from arachidonic acid (AA) by the action of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. In an autocrine(More)