Hector R Wong

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BACKGROUND Neutrophils play an important role in the pathophysiology of RSV, though RSV does not appear to directly activate neutrophils in the lower airways. Therefore locally produced cytokines or other molecules released by virally-infected airway epithelial cells are likely responsible for recruiting and activating neutrophils. Heat shock proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as an early biomarker for acute kidney injury in critically ill children with septic shock. DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING Fifteen North American pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). PATIENTS A total of 143 critically ill children with systemic inflammatory(More)
The role of melatonin as an immunomodulator is well established. Recent reports showed that melatonin exerts protective effects in septic and hemorrhagic shock and in inflammation. The expression of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) makes an important contribution to the pathophysiology of shock and inflammation. We studied, in cultured(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most prominent catechin in green tea. EGCG has been shown to modulate numerous molecular targets in the setting of inflammation and cancer. These molecular targets have also been demonstrated to be important participants in reperfusion injury, hence this study examines the effects of EGCG in myocardial reperfusion(More)
Heat shock proteins are generally regarded as intracellular proteins acting as molecular chaperones; however, Hsp72 is also detected in the extracellular compartment. Hsp72 has been identified in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with acute lung injury. To address whether Hsp72 directly activated airway epithelium, human bronchial(More)
Human septic shock involves multiple genome-level perturbations. We have conducted microarray analyses in children with septic shock within 24 h of intensive care unit admission, using whole blood-derived RNA. Based on sequential statistical and expression filters, there were 2,482 differentially regulated gene probes (1,081 upregulated and 1,401(More)
We have conducted longitudinal studies focused on the expression profiles of signaling pathways and gene networks in children with septic shock. Genome-level expression profiles were generated from whole blood-derived RNA of children with septic shock (n=30) corresponding to day one and day three of septic shock, respectively. Based on sequential(More)
OBJECTIVES To frame the general process of biomarker discovery and development; and to describe a proposal for the development of a multibiomarker-based risk model for pediatric septic shock. DATA SOURCE Narrative literature review and author-generated data. DATA SELECTION Biomarkers can be grouped into four broad classes, based on the intended(More)
Flagellin, the monomeric subunit of flagella, is an inducer of proinflammatory mediators. Bacterial flagellin genes have conserved domains (D1 and D2) at the N terminus and C terminus and a middle hypervariable domain (D3). To identify which domains induced proinflammatory activity, r6-histidine (6HIS)-tagged fusion constructs were generated from the(More)
The inducible isoform of nitric oxide (NO) synthase produces large quantities of NO, a cytotoxic free radical. Recent studies show that treatment with exogenous NO produces DNA strand breaks, activating the nuclear repair enzyme poly(ADP)ribosyltransferase (PARS), which results in ADP ribosylation, NAD+ consumption, and exhaustion of intracellular energy(More)