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Flagellin, the monomeric subunit of flagella, is an inducer of proinflammatory mediators. Bacterial flagellin genes have conserved domains (D1 and D2) at the N terminus and C terminus and a middle hypervariable domain (D3). To identify which domains induced proinflammatory activity, r6-histidine (6HIS)-tagged fusion constructs were generated from the(More)
We have investigated the regulation of kinases and phosphatases in early gene activation in monocytes because these cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of acute inflammatory states, such as sepsis and acute lung injury. One early gene up-regulated by endotoxin is c-Jun, a member of the activating protein (AP) family. C-Jun is phosphorylated by c-Jun(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) generated by the inducible NO synthase (iNOS) during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion is not understood. We investigated the role of iNOS during early reperfusion damage induced in genetically deficient iNOS (iNOS-/-) mice and wild-type littermates. In wild-type mice, ischemia (60 min) and reperfusion (60 min) induced an(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most prominent catechin in green tea. EGCG has been shown to modulate numerous molecular targets in the setting of inflammation and cancer. These molecular targets have also been demonstrated to be important participants in reperfusion injury, hence this study examines the effects of EGCG in myocardial reperfusion(More)
Induction of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) via sublethal stress protects neurons from subsequent lethal injuries. Here we show that specific and efficient intracellular transduction of Hsp70 can be achieved utilizing an 11 amino acid leading sequence from human immunodeficiency virus (TAT-Hsp70) in primary neuronal cultures. Western blot and(More)
BACKGROUND Septic shock is a heterogeneous syndrome within which probably exist several biological subclasses. Discovery and identification of septic shock subclasses could provide the foundation for the design of more specifically targeted therapies. Herein we tested the hypothesis that pediatric septic shock subclasses can be discovered through(More)
We previously generated genome-wide expression data (microarray) from children with septic shock having the potential to lead the field into novel areas of investigation. Herein we seek to validate our data through a bioinformatic approach centered on a validation patient cohort. Forty-two children with a clinical diagnosis of septic shock and 15 normal(More)
Recent data suggest that heat shock protein-70 (HSP-70), an intracellular protein, can exist in the extracellular compartment and signal through the CD14/TLR4 pathway. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular HSP-70 induces endotoxin (LPS) tolerance. Using human monocyte cell line (THP-1), initial dose-response experiments were conducted(More)
Parthenolide is a sesquiterpene lactone used in folk medicine for its anti-inflammatory activity. Recent in vitro studies have shown that this compound inhibits the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathway. This study examines the effect of parthenolide in endotoxic shock in rodents. Endotoxic shock was induced by administration of Escherichia coli endotoxin in(More)
The use of doxorubicin (Dox) and its derivatives as chemotherapeutic drugs to treat patients with cancer causes dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure due to Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. In this work, using heat shock factor-1 wild-type (HSF-1(+/+)) and HSF-1 knockout (HSF-1(-/-)) mouse fibroblasts and embryonic rat heart-derived cardiac H9c2(More)