Hector Nolla

Learn More
Time-series data on community structure in the upper 200 m at Station ALOHA in the subtropical North Pacific were collected at approximately monthly intervals from December 1990 through to March 1994 during an extended El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event. Samples were analyzed by flow cytometry to enumerate Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus,(More)
Gene regulatory networks direct the progressive determination of cell fate during embryogenesis, but how they control cell behavior during morphogenesis remains largely elusive. Cell sorting, microarrays, and targeted molecular manipulations were used to analyze cardiac cell migration in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. The heart network regulates genes(More)
Immunosurveillance by cytotoxic T cells requires that cells generate a diverse spectrum of peptides for presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Those peptides are generated by proteolysis, which begins in the cytoplasm and continues in the endoplasmic reticulum by the unique aminopeptidase ERAAP. The overall extent to which(More)
Directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into any desired cell type has been hailed as a therapeutic promise to cure many human diseases. However, substantial roadblocks still exist for in vitro differentiation of hESCs into distinct cell types, including T lymphocytes. Here we examined the hematopoietic differentiation potential of(More)
Allelic exclusion of Ig gene expression is necessary to limit the number of functional receptors to one per B cell. The mechanism underlying allelic exclusion is unknown. Because germline transcription of Ig and TCR loci is tightly correlated with rearrangement, we created two novel knock-in mice that report transcriptional activity of the Jkappa germline(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene but whether cancer can develop in all PTEN-deficient cells is not known. In T cell-specific PTEN-deficient (tPTEN-/-) mice, which suffer from mature T cell lymphomas, we found that premalignancy, as defined by elevated AKT and senescence pathways, starts in immature T cell precursors and surprisingly not in mature T cells.(More)
Complete IgHC gene rearrangement occurs only in B cells in a stage-specific and ordered manner. We used gene targeting to reposition a distal V(H) gene segment to a region just 5' of the D(H) gene cluster and found its activation to be highly dependent on the chromosomal domain within which it resides. The targeted V(H) gene segment rearranged at a higher(More)
We report in this study that B7h, the ligand for the ICOS costimulatory receptor, is rapidly shed from mouse B cells following either ICOS binding or BCR engagement. Shedding occurs through proteolytic cleavage that releases the extracellular ICOS-binding region of B7h. Prior exposure of B7h-expressing APCs to ICOS-expressing cells inhibits their subsequent(More)
Proliferation and apoptosis are diametrically opposite processes. Expression of certain genes like c-Myc, however, can induce both, pointing to a possible linkage between them. Developing CD4(+)CD8(+) thymocytes are intrinsically sensitive to apoptosis, but the molecular basis is not known. We have found that these noncycling cells surprisingly express many(More)
The Rockefeller University Press $30.00 J. Exp. Med. Vol. 206 No. 8 1803-1816 www.jem.org/cgi/doi/10.1084/jem.20082815 1803 B lymphocytes gain the potential to recognize >108 antigens (Cobb et al., 2006) by using a novel genetic mechanism called V(D)J recombination to generate a large repertoire of Ig heavy chain (IgHC) and Ig light chain (IgLC) variable(More)