Hector Morales

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Penicillium expansum is the most important fungal species causing spoilage in cold stored apples. P. expansum produces patulin, a toxic secondary metabolite. The aim of this work was to study the changes in growth parameters and patulin accumulation that may occur when two different isolates of P. expansum germinate and develop in the same wound. The effect(More)
Penicillium expansum, a patulin producer fungus, is the most important fungus causing decay in cold stored both apples and pears. This can lead to patulin contaminated by-products. The aim of this assay was to evaluate the phenotypical and physiological variability in the population of P. expansum that cause fruit spoilage in post-harvest stages in Lleida(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA) are mycotoxins produced by fungal species which can contaminate, alone or simultaneously, cereal-based products such as bread. Due to the increasing interest in the beneficial effects of dietary bran, bran bread has attained high consumption. Usually, the higher mycotoxin concentrations in cereals are found in the(More)
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that occur naturally in agricultural commodities worldwide. Aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, fumonisins, zearalenone, trichothecenes, and ergot alkaloids are presently the most important for food and feed safety. These compounds are produced by several species that belong to the(More)
BACKGROUND Pioglitazone and glimepiride improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by different mechanisms. Pioglitazone is a thiazolidinedione that reduces insulin resistance, and glimepiride is a sulfonylurea insulin secretagogue. OBJECTIVE The goals of this study were to compare changes in measures of glycemic control and(More)
This work assesses the extent of patulin contamination in Penicillium expansum-infected apples stored at room temperature for short periods of time and its relationship with apple variety (Golden or Fuji), degree of ripeness and size of lesions. Inoculated apples were incubated at 20 degrees C. Patulin was determined in both sound and decayed tissue from(More)
Patulin, a mycotoxin produced primarily by Penicillium expansum, is currently of great concern because of its undesirable effects in human health. It has been proven that patulin can damage organs and tissues in animals and some studies revealed carcinogenic and teratogenic effects. Patulin is found mainly in low quality apples diverted to production of(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to assess the opportunities of Penicillium expansum to develop and produce patulin in apples during cold storage and in the steps prior to processing of apple products. METHODS AND RESULTS Two lots of apples var. Golden with different ripeness degree were used. Half of each lot was fungicide treated. Apples were inoculated(More)
Penicillium expansum is the major responsible of fruit pome decaying in cold storage. Apples spoiled by P. expansum are expected to contain patulin, a mycotoxin which is proven to affect human health. The use of chemicals is the most common procedure to prevent rots in postharvest but legislation is becoming more and more restrictive. The use of biocontrol(More)