Hector Manuel Alvarez

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An oleaginous hydrocarbon-degrading Rhodococcus opacus strain (PD630) was isolated from a soil sample. The cells were able to grow on a variety of substrates and to produce large amounts of three different types of intracellular inclusions during growth on alkanes, phenylalkanes, or non-hydrocarbon substrates. Electron microscopy revealed large numbers of(More)
Triacylglycerols (TAG) are fatty acid triesters of glycerol; there are diverse types of TAG with different properties depending on their fatty acid composition. The occurrence of TAG as reserve compounds is widespread among eukaryotic organisms such as yeast, fungi, plants and animals, whereas occurrence of TAG in bacteria has only rarely been described.(More)
The oleaginous bacterium Rhodococus opacus strain PD630 serves as a model organism to investigate the metabolism of storage triacylglycerols (TAGs) in bacteria. The key enzyme catalysing the last step of TAG biosynthesis in bacteria is a promiscuous acyltransferase (Atf), exhibiting acyl-CoA acyltransferase activity to both diacylglycerols (DGAT activity)(More)
Members of the genus Rhodococcus are frequently found in soil and other natural environments and are highly resistant to stresses common in those environments. The accumulation of storage compounds permits cells to survive and metabolically adapt during fluctuating environmental conditions. The purpose of this study was to perform a genome-wide(More)
The terminal reaction in triacylglyceride (TAG) biosynthesis is the esterification of diacylglycerol (DAG) with a fatty acid molecule. To study this reaction in Streptomyces coelicolor, we analyzed three candidate genes (sco0958, sco1280, and sco0123) whose products significantly resemble the recently identified wax ester synthase/acyl-coenzyme A (CoA):DAG(More)
The time course of the accumulation of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in Rhodococcus opacus PD630 or of TAGs plus polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) in Rhodococcus ruber NCIMB 40126 with gluconate or glucose as carbon source, respectively, was studied. In addition, we examined the mobilization of these storage compounds in the absence of a carbon source. R. opacus(More)
Forty psychrophile or psychrotrophic crude-oil-utilizing marine bacteria were investigated for their ability to accumulate lipid storage compounds in the cytoplasm during cultivation under nitrogen-limiting conditions. Most of them (73%) were able to accumulate specialized lipids like polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHA) while other lipids such as wax esters(More)
Members of the genus Rhodococcus were investigated for their ability to produce glycogen during cultivation on gluconate or glucose. Strains belonging to Rhodococcus ruber, Rhodococcus opacus, Rhodococcus fascians, Rhodococcus erythropolis and Rhodococcus equi were able to produce glycogen up to 0.2–5.6% of cellular dry weight (CDW). The glycogen content(More)
Rhodococcus opacus PD630 is an oleaginous bacterium able to accumulate large amounts of triacylglycerols (TAG) in different carbon sources. The last reaction for TAG biosynthesis is catalyzed by the bifunctional wax ester synthase/acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (WS/DGAT) enzymes encoded by atf genes. R. opacus PD630 possesses at least 17 putative(More)