Hector J. Monzo

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The PrfA protein, a member of the Crp/Cap-Fnr family of bacterial transcription factors, controls the expression of key virulence determinants of the facultative intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Each of the steps of the listerial intracellular infection cycle-host cell invasion, phagosomal escape, cytosolic replication, and direct cell-to-cell(More)
Cellular interactions mediated by the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) are critical in cell migration, differentiation and plasticity. Switching of the NCAM-interaction mode, from adhesion to signalling, is determined by NCAM carrying a particular post-translational modification, polysialic acid (PSA). Regulation of cell-surface PSA-NCAM is(More)
The ability to culture neural progenitor cells from the adult human brain has provided an exciting opportunity to develop and test potential therapies on adult human brain cells. To achieve a reliable and reproducible adult human neural progenitor cell (AhNPC) culture system for this purpose, this study fully characterized the cellular composition of the(More)
It is now well established that the human brain continuously produces new stem cells until well into old age. One of these stem-cell rich areas in the human brain is the sub-ventricular zone (SVZ). The human SVZ is organized in four distinctive layers containing type A, B and C cells. To date, no studies have investigated the distribution of inhibitory(More)
Listeria ivanovii differs from the human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes in that it specifically affects ruminants, causing septicaemia and abortion but not meningo-encephalitis. The genetic characterization of spontaneous L. ivanovii mutants lacking the virulence factor SmcL (sphingomyelinase) led us to identify LIPI-2, the first species-specific(More)
In the mammalian brain, olfaction is an important sense that is used to detect odors of different kinds that can warn of off food, to produce a mothering instinct in a flock or group of animals, and to warn of danger such as fire or poison. The olfactory system is made up of a long-distance rostral migratory stream that arises from the subventricular zone(More)
The human brain is a highly vascular organ in which the blood-brain barrier (BBB) tightly regulates molecules entering the brain. Pericytes are an integral cell type of the BBB, regulating vascular integrity, neuroinflammation, angiogenesis and wound repair. Despite their importance, identifying pericytes amongst other perivascular cell types and(More)
We describe a novel quantitative real-time (Q)-PCR assay for Listeria monocytogenes based on the coamplification of a target hly gene fragment and an internal amplification control (IAC). The IAC is a chimeric double-stranded DNA containing a fragment of the rapeseed BnACCg8 gene flanked by the hly-specific target sequences. This IAC is detected using a(More)
Sphingomyelinases C are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin in biological membranes to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Various pathogenic bacteria produce secreted neutral sphingomyelinases C that act as membrane-damaging virulence factors. Mammalian neutral sphingomyelinases C, which display sequence homology to the bacterial enzymes, are(More)
P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells are an invaluable tool for approximating the mechanisms that govern neuronal differentiation but with an enormous degree of simplification and have primarily been used to model the early stages of neurogenesis. However, they are often cultured under conditions that promote unrestricted non-neuronal growth that compromises(More)