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Telomeres, the repeated sequences that cap chromosome ends, undergo shortening with each cell division, and therefore serve as markers of a cell's replicative history. In vivo, clonal expansion of T cells during immune responses to both foreign and autoantigens is associated with telomere shortening. To investigate possible immune alterations in Alzheimer's(More)
Induction of telomerase, the enzyme that extends telomeres, accompanies human T lymphocyte activation. Nevertheless, high proportions of memory T cells with shortened telomeres are present in vivo during HIV infection and aging. To elucidate the long-term telomerase dynamics in human T cells, longitudinal analyses were performed on T cells subjected to(More)
Resistance to apoptosis is a critical feature of neoplastic cells. Galectin-1 is an endogenous carbohydrate-binding protein that induces death of leukemia and lymphoma cells, breast cancer cells, and the LNCaP prostate cancer cell line, but not other prostate cancer cell lines. To understand the mechanism of galectin-1 sensitivity of LNCaP cells compared(More)
Immune cells are eminently suitable model systems in which to address the possible role of replicative senescence during in vivo aging. Since there are more than 10(8) unique antigen specificities present within the total T lymphocyte population of each individual, the immune response to any single antigen requires massive clonal expansion of the small(More)
Telomere length measurement can be used both to monitor the proliferation of long-term cultures of somatic cells as well as to determine the replicative history of in vivo-derived cells. The most frequently used technique for telomere length measurement is Southern hybridization (1, 4). The method consists of isolating total genomic DNA, digesting the DNA(More)
Telomeres are structures at the ends of chromosomes that shorten during cell division and eventually signal an irreversible state of growth arrest known as cellular senescence. To delay this cellular aging, human T cells, which are critical in the immune control over infections and cancer, activate the enzyme telomerase, which binds and extends the(More)
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