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To understand the molecular mechanisms that underlie global transcriptional regulation, it is essential to first identify all the transcriptional regulatory elements in the human genome. The advent of next-generation sequencing has provided a powerful platform for genome-wide analysis of different species and specific cell types; when combined with(More)
Chromatin insulators are DNA elements that regulate the level of gene expression either by preventing gene silencing through the maintenance of heterochromatin boundaries or by preventing gene activation by blocking interactions between enhancers and promoters. CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), a ubiquitously expressed 11-zinc-finger DNA-binding protein, is the(More)
The in vivo and in vitro biotransformation study of lefucoxib, 5-(3,4-dimethyl-phenyl)-1-methanesulfonyl-3-trifluoromethol-pyrazole, a new cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, was investigated in rats. To conduct the in vivo metabolism study, Wistar rats received lefucoxib in an oral dose, then their plasma and excreta were collected and analyzed. Through(More)
BACKGROUND Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) is a perfluorinated carboxylic chemical (PFC) that has broad applications and distribution in the environment. While many studies have focused on hepatotoxicity, immunotoxicity, and reproductive toxicity of PFCAs, few have investigated renal toxicity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here, we used comparative(More)
A metabolomic investigation of intoxication with Aconitum sp. alkaloids was carried out. Plasma obtained from Wistar rats administered these alkaloids was analyzed using gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Samples were analyzed following protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, and derivatization. Thirty-six metabolites were(More)
The purpose of this paper was to study the effects of Hei-Shun-Pian, the processed lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. (Ranunculaceae), on the metabolic profile of rats, to discuss the mechanism of toxicology and to find out the potential biomarkers of the toxic effects. Twenty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=5) and each group were(More)
In this work, metabonomic methods utilizing (1)H NMR spectroscopy and multivariate statistical technique have been applied to investigate the metabolic profiles of SAM. The serum metabolome of senescence-prone 8 (SAMP8), a murine model of age-related learning and memory deficits and Alzheimer's disease (AD), was compared with that of control,(More)
The Aconitum alkaloids aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine are the main toxic components in a commonly used traditional Chinese herbal medicine Fu Zi. To provide guidelines for the safe use of this medicine, metabolic changes in Wistar rats caused by these compounds were investigated by means of integrated analysis of two metabonomic approaches: (1)H(More)
DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) define the accessible chromatin landscape and have revolutionised the discovery of distinct cis-regulatory elements in diverse organisms. Here, we report the first comprehensive map of human transcription factor binding site (TFBS)-clustered regions using Gaussian kernel density estimation based on genome-wide mapping of(More)
RNA molecules play vital informational, structural, and functional roles in molecular biology, making them ideal targets for synthetic biology. However, several challenges remain for engineering novel allosteric RNA molecules, and the development of efficient computational design techniques is vitally needed. Here we describe the development of Allosteric(More)