Heber Odebrecht Vargas

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To determine if oxidative stress and inflammation are linked with major depressive disorder, nicotine dependence and both disorders combined. This study comprised 150 smokers and 191 never smokers. The instruments were: a socio-demographic questionnaire, diagnoses of mood disorder and nicotine dependence according to DSM-IV, (SCID-IV), and the Alcohol,(More)
Nicotine dependence is common in people with mood disorders; however the operative pathways are not well understood. This paper reviews the contribution of inflammation and oxidative stress pathways to the co-association of depressive disorder and nicotine dependence, including increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased acute phase proteins,(More)
There is evidence that genetic factors influence the probability of comorbidity of tobacco use disorder (TUD) with mood disorders. This study was carried out to examine whether both TUD and mood disorders are associated with genetic biomarkers particularly paraoxonase 1 (PON1) status, polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), such as GSTM1 and(More)
OBJECTIVE We examine the relationship between nicotine dependence (ND) and ND-related medical disease and polymorphisms by deletion in genes that encode glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), e.g. GSTM1 and GSTT1. Individuals with homozygous gene deletions show deficiencies in GSTs enzyme activities impairing detoxification. METHODS This study comprised 182(More)
BACKGROUND Activated immune-inflammatory pathways play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity is inversely associated with inflammatory responses in numerous clinical conditions. The aims of this study were to delineate serum arylesterase PON1 activity in drug-naïve first episode psychosis (FEP) patients and(More)
BACKGROUND Nicotine dependence is associated with an increased risk of mood and anxiety disorders and suicide. The primary hypothesis of this study was to identify whether the polymorphisms of two glutathione-S-transferase enzymes (GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes) predict an increased risk of mood and anxiety disorders in smokers with nicotine dependence. MATERIALS(More)
The measurement of the total radical trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP) is a general marker of peripheral blood antioxidant defenses. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a potent antioxidant, which protects against lipid peroxidation. The study aimed to examine the relation between TRAP levels and PON1 activity, PON1 Q192R functional genotypes, smoking, interactions(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in the second intron (STin2) of the serotonin transporter (SLC6A4) gene was associated with tobacco use disorder, successful smoking cessation, or smoking characteristics. In this case–control study, patients with current tobacco use disorder, diagnosed according to DSM IV(More)
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