Heber Odebrecht Vargas

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BACKGROUND There is a robust comorbidity between mood disorders and cardiovascular disorder (CVD). The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and the atherogenic coefficient (AC) are important atherogenic indexes. The aims of this study were to delineate whether AIP and AC are increased in mood disorders especially when comorbid with tobacco use disorder (TUD).(More)
AIMS This study examined whether Castelli risk indexes 1 (total/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol) and 2 (low density lipoprotein (LDL)/HDL cholesterol) and other shared metabolic disorders might underpin the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome, major depression or bipolar disorder. MAIN METHODS This cross-sectional study examined 92 major(More)
INTRODUCTION Both smoking and depression have been associated with increased inflammatory markers. As there are few studies on inflammatory markers that distinguish between depressed and nondepressed smokers, it is unclear if there is a cumulative impact of these mediators of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory markers in(More)
To determine if oxidative stress and inflammation are linked with major depressive disorder, nicotine dependence and both disorders combined. This study comprised 150 smokers and 191 never smokers. The instruments were: a socio-demographic questionnaire, diagnoses of mood disorder and nicotine dependence according to DSM-IV, (SCID-IV), and the Alcohol,(More)
Nicotine dependence is common in people with mood disorders; however the operative pathways are not well understood. This paper reviews the contribution of inflammation and oxidative stress pathways to the co-association of depressive disorder and nicotine dependence, including increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased acute phase proteins,(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression and bipolar disorder are accompanied by the activation of immune-inflammatory and Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress (O&NS) pathways and lowered levels of antioxidants. Paraoxonase (PON)1 (EC is an antioxidant bound to High Density Lipoprotein (HDL). Polymorphisms in the PON1 Q192R coding sequence determine three(More)
There is evidence that genetic factors influence the probability of comorbidity of tobacco use disorder (TUD) with mood disorders. This study was carried out to examine whether both TUD and mood disorders are associated with genetic biomarkers particularly paraoxonase 1 (PON1) status, polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), such as GSTM1 and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in the second intron (STin2) of the serotonin transporter (SLC6A4) gene was associated with tobacco use disorder, successful smoking cessation, or smoking characteristics. In this case–control study, patients with current tobacco use disorder, diagnosed according to DSM IV(More)
BACKGROUND Activated immune-inflammatory pathways play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity is inversely associated with inflammatory responses in numerous clinical conditions. The aims of this study were to delineate serum arylesterase PON1 activity in drug-naïve first episode psychosis (FEP) patients and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines the effects of malondialdehyde (MDA) and uric acid on insulin resistance and atherogenicity in subjects with and without mood disorders, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and tobacco use disorder (TUD). METHODS We included 314 subjects with depression and bipolar depression, with and without the MetS and TUD and computed insulin(More)