Heba H. Mostafa

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Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain KOS has been extensively used in many studies to examine HSV-1 replication, gene expression, and pathogenesis. Notably, strain KOS is known to be less pathogenic than the first sequenced genome of HSV-1, strain 17. To understand the genotypic differences between KOS and other phenotypically distinct strains of(More)
The herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) strain McKrae is highly virulent compared to other wild-type strains of HSV-1. To help us better understand the genetic determinants that lead to differences in the pathogenicity of McKrae and other HSV-1 strains, we sequenced its genome. Comparing the sequence of McKrae's genome to that of strain 17 revealed that the(More)
The herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) immediate-early protein, infected cell protein 22 (ICP22), is required for efficient replication in restrictive cells, for virus-induced chaperone-enriched (VICE) domain formation, and for normal expression of a subset of viral late proteins. Additionally, ICP22 is important for optimal acute viral replication in vivo.(More)
The herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infected cell protein 0 (ICP0) is an immediate-early phosphoprotein that transactivates viral gene expression. Evidence suggests that phosphorylation regulates the functions of ICP0, and three regions (termed regions I, II, and III) in the protein are known to be phosphorylated. Mutation of the putative phosphorylation(More)
In cell culture experiments, phosphorylation appears to be a critical regulator of the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) immediate-early (IE) protein, ICP0, which is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that transactivates viral gene expression. Three major regions of phosphorylation in ICP0 (amino acids 224 to 232, 365 to 371, and 508 to 518) have been identified, and(More)
The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encoded E3 ubiquitin ligase, infected cell protein 0 (ICP0), is required for efficient lytic viral replication and regulates the switch between the lytic and latent states of HSV-1. As an E3 ubiquitin ligase, ICP0 directs the proteasomal degradation of several cellular targets, allowing the virus to counteract(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) establishes a lifelong latent infection in sensory neurons and can reactivate from latency under stress conditions. To promote lytic infection, the virus must interact with specific cellular factors to evade the host's antiviral defenses. The HSV-1 E3 ubiquitin ligase, infected cell protein 0 (ICP0), activates transcription of(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK-5) activating protein, p35, is important for acute herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) replication in mice. This report shows that HSV-1 increases p35 levels, changes the primary localization of CDK-5 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, and enhances CDK-5 activity during lytic or acute infection. Infected neurons also stained(More)
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