Heather Underwood

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Foods produced by genetic engineering technology are now appearing on the market and many more are likely to emerge in the future. The safety aspects, regulation, and labelling of these foods are still contentious issues in most countries and recent surveys highlight consumer concerns about the safety and labelling of genetically modified food. In most(More)
The World Health Organization advocates the paper partograph as the single most effective tool for monitoring labor and reducing labor complications in developing countries. Used correctly, the partograph can serve as a tool for early detection of serious maternal and fetal complications during labor, allowing sufficient time for an appropriate response.(More)
— Paper-based systems for monitoring maternal labor have been shown to reduce life-threatening complications in low-resource environments; however, significant barriers exist to the use of these tools in developing countries. This paper presents the PartoPen – a digital pen system that enhances a common labor-monitoring form known as the partograph. The(More)
This paper presents the findings from two studies of the PartoPen system – a digital pen software application that enhances the partograph, a paper-based labor-monitoring tool used extensively in developing regions. The PartoPen provides nurses with real-time decision support, instructions, and patient-specific reminders by playing short audio clips when a(More)
Existing paper-based systems for monitoring maternal labor have been shown to reduce life-threatening complications in low-resource environments; however, significant barriers exist to their use in developing countries. In this paper I describe a system that enhances a common labor-monitoring form, the partograph, using a digital pen. The digital partograph(More)
Past research has shown the benefits of increased engagement and collaboration for learning using multiple inputs for children sharing computers. Taking the work forth beyond clicks, we demonstrate the use of inexpensive numeric keypads as multiple input devices in shared computing scenarios, as many have argued are well-suited to the developing world, and(More)
This paper critically examines the use of digital pen technology at two key points in the healthcare system in Kenya: nursing student training and patient care in public labor wards. The PartoPen system -- a digital pen software designed to enhance the paper labor monitoring tool known as the partograph -- was evaluated with 95 nursing students at the(More)
Past work with multiple input devices in low resource educational environments has largely been motivated by patterns of dominance that emerge when a large group of students is asked to share a single computer — inevitably, some students, at the cost of others, derive higher value out of the experience. Conversely, concern has been expressed about the lack(More)
To facilitate learning in low-resource environments where children must share a single computer, we developed MultiLearn, an educational, single-display groupware system. Prior work has suggested that computer games can be effective for fostering learning [5] and qualitatively supports the benefit of collaboration over competition in a multiple-input,(More)