Heather Stetler

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Outbreaks of acute hepatitis occurred in Huitzililla and Telixtac, two rural villages 70 miles south of Mexico City, Mexico, in late 1986. The first outbreak began in Huitzililla in June of that year, 1 month after the start of the rainy season. A census revealed 94 icteric case subjects, for an attack rate of 5%; two women died. Attack rates were higher(More)
As a result of intensive efforts to vaccinate children, measles and its attendant complications of encephalitis and death have declined more than 99% from the prevaccine era. Similarly, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis has declined markedly. Measles vaccine has been demonstrated to be extremely safe, as well as extremely effective. The health and(More)
Virus-like particles (VLPs) with a mean diameter of 32 nm were recovered from the stools of three acute phase cases of enterically transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis (ET-NANBH) occurring in the Soviet Union, North Africa and North America. VLPs from two of these cases were studied in detail and were shown to react specifically with antibody in acute phase(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the ability of simple, rapid tests to identify HIV-1 antibody-positive specimens in field settings using the World Health Organization's (WHO) alternative testing strategies. DESIGN Three-phase evaluation of simple, rapid assays using banked specimens and prospectively collected serum specimens at regional hospitals and rural(More)
Data are presented to quantify the relationship between nutritional status and diarrheal disease reported in a 1-week period in children in El Salvador. A strong association was observed between reported diarrhea and combined wasting (defined by low weight-for-height) and stunting (defined by low height-for-age). This association held for all age groups(More)
In early December 1989, an outbreak that was initially thought to be scabies was investigated among employees of tourist hotels in Cozumel, Mexico. Of 417 employees interviewed, only 19 (4.6%) met a case definition for scabies dermatitis, while 91 (21.8%) reported a nonspecific dermatitis of less than one-week's duration. Persons with nonspecific dermatitis(More)
The Monitoring System for Adverse Events Following Immunization became fully operational in late 1978 in all 50 States, New York City and Washington, D.C. This system compiles information on adverse events temporally associated (within four weeks) to the administration of a vaccine. A total of 2,062 reports of adverse events following diphtheria and tetanus(More)
The Monitoring System for Adverse Events Following Immunization (MSAEFI) has collected data from the public sector nationwide on adverse events occurring during the 4-week period following administration of vaccine. From 1979 to 1984, 6483 reports were received. Although rates of reporting have increased throughout the 6-year period, increases were larger(More)
Physicians investigated a nosocomial diarrhea outbreak among 11 2 year old undernourished children in the nutrition service of the pediatric teaching hospital, Hospital Infantile, in Mexico City, Mexico in April 1988. Health practitioners took at least 2 stool samples from each ill child to be analyzed for Cryptosporidium oocysts. The attack rate stood st(More)
Two hundred fifty-four infants who had received measles vaccine at less than 10 months of age were revaccinated at greater than or equal to 15 months of age, and their immune responses were compared with 129 control infants who received their first doses of measles vaccine at greater than or equal to 15 months of age. Sera were collected at the time of(More)