Heather N Wenk

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Recent anatomic results indicate that a large direct projection from the spinal cord to the hypothalamus exists in monkeys. The aim of this study was to determine whether the existence of this projection could be confirmed unambiguously using electrophysiological methods and, if so, to determine the response characteristics of primate spinohypothalamic(More)
Peripherally delivered opiates attenuate mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia in experimental models of inflammation, suggesting that activation of peripheral opioid receptors decreases the excitability of nociceptors in inflamed tissues. The current study examines the effects of peripheral morphine sulfate on response properties of sensory neurons in(More)
In addition to their traditional role in centrally mediated analgesia, opiate compounds produce significant effects when administered peripherally. Using a recently characterized model of acute chemical injury to the rat cornea, we assessed the effects of morphine sulphate eye drops on corneal inflammation and hyperalgesia. Topical application of a 5 microM(More)
Chemical cauterization of the central cornea with silver nitrate was assessed as a superficial injury model of tissue sensitization accompanying acute inflammation. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with halothane gas, and the centers of their right corneas treated with a silver nitrate applicator stick (75% silver nitrate, 25% potassium(More)
The spinothalamic tract (STT) is the primary pathway carrying nociceptive information from the spinal cord to the brain in humans. The aim of this study was to understand better the organization of STT axons within the spinal cord white matter of monkeys. The location of STT axons was determined using method of antidromic activation. Twenty-six lumbar STT(More)
The distribution of delta opioid receptor (DOR) immunoreactivity (ir) was examined in various peripheral tissues of Sprague-Dawley rats and macaque monkeys, including glabrous and hairy skin, corneas, eyelids, and the lip. DOR-ir was observed in all tissues examined. In addition to the presence of DOR-immunoreactive fibers in subcutaneous nerve bundles and(More)
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