Heather N. Di Carlo

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The exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare spectrum of malformations affecting the genitourinary system, anterior abdominal wall, and pelvis. Historically, surgical outcomes were poor in patients with classic bladder exstrophy and cloacal exstrophy, the two more severe presentations. However, modern techniques to repair epispadias, classic bladder(More)
Bladder exstrophy is a rare birth defect that typically requires patients to undergo multiple surgical procedures throughout the course of their childhood. Many ultimately undergo operations that use segments of bowel for the reconstruction and/or augmentation of the urinary tract, which imparts an increased risk of malignancy in these patients. We present(More)
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