Heather N. Di Carlo

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PURPOSE Complete female epispadias, which occurs much more rarely than classic bladder exstrophy in females, is thought to have a more benign clinical course. We hypothesized that patients with complete female epispadias are more likely to have a larger bladder capacity and achieve voiding continence than females with classic bladder exstrophy. MATERIALS(More)
The exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare spectrum of malformations affecting the genitourinary system, anterior abdominal wall, and pelvis. Historically, surgical outcomes were poor in patients with classic bladder exstrophy and cloacal exstrophy, the two more severe presentations. However, modern techniques to repair epispadias, classic bladder(More)
PURPOSE This study examines a large single-institution experience with cloacal exstrophy patients, analyzing patient demographics and surgical strategies predictive of bladder closure outcomes. METHODS One hundred patients with cloacal exstrophy were identified. Complete closure history including demographics, operative history, and outcomes was available(More)
The exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare spectrum of anomalies affecting the genitourinary system, anterior abdominal wall, and pelvis. Recent advances in the repair of classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) and cloacal exstrophy (CE) have resulted in significant changes in outcomes of surgical management (including higher continence rate, fewer surgical(More)
PURPOSE Successful primary bladder exstrophy closure provides the best opportunity for patients to achieve a functional closure and urinary continence regardless of the method of repair. Use of osteotomy during initial closure has significantly improved success rates. However, failures can still occur. We identify factors that contribute to a failed primary(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent articles document successful classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) closure without osteotomy. Still, many patients require osteotomy if they have a large bladder template and pubic diastasis, or non-malleable pelvis. OBJECTIVE To understand the indications and outcomes of bladder closure with and without pelvic osteotomy in patients younger(More)
Bladder exstrophy is a rare major birth defect which requires specialized surgical care. Associated genitourinary tract anomalies are extremely rare in this population, yet significantly impact surgical planning and outcomes. In this case, a full-term newborn girl with a prenatal diagnosis of classic bladder exstrophy was found to have a complete duplicated(More)
The exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare congenital malformation of the genitourinary system, abdominal wall musculature, and pelvic bones. Historically, surgical outcomes in patients with classic bladder exstrophy, the most common presentation of the exstrophy-epispadias complex, were poor. However, modern techniques have increased the success of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a single referral center's experience with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and its role in management before bladder neck reconstruction (BNR) in exstrophy patients after modern staged repair of exstrophy (MSRE). VUR after primary closure of bladder exstrophy can usually be managed conservatively until ureteral reimplantation (UR) at the(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the outcomes of failed classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) reclosure with and without pelvic osteotomy. Each failed CBE closure decreases the chance of eventual continence. To minimize secondary failures, most institutions use pelvic osteotomy with reclosure. Reclosure with and without osteotomy can still fail. METHODS An institutional(More)