Heather McLean

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1. Activity-dependent plasticity of GABAergic synaptic transmission was investigated in neonatal rat hippocampal slices obtained between postnatal day (P) 2-10 using intracellular recording techniques. In all experiments, AMPA receptors were blocked by continual application of CNQX (10 microM). 2. Between P2 and P4, tetanic stimulation (TS) evoked NMDA(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors are promising targets to treat numerous brain disorders. So far, allosteric modulators are the only subtype selective ligands, but pure agonists still have strong therapeutic potential. Here, we aimed at investigating the possibility of developing subtype-selective agonists by extending the glutamate-like structure to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Previous studies suggest that error augmentation may be used as a strategy to achieve longer-term changes in gait deficits after stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine whether longer-term improvements in step length asymmetry could be achieved with repeated split-belt treadmill walking practice using an error(More)
1. We investigated the effects of the selective gamma-aminobutyric acid-B (GABAB) receptor antagonist, P-3 aminopropyl-P-diethoxymethyl phosphoric acid (CGP 35348), on spontaneous and evoked postsynaptic potentials (PSPs) and currents (PSCs) in CA3 pyramidal cells and interneurons of hippocampal slices obtained between postnatal day 3 and 7 with the use of(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid-B(GABAB) receptor-dependent and -independent components of paired-pulse depression (PPD) were investigated in the rat CA3 hippocampal region. Intracellular and whole cell recordings of CA3 pyramidal neurons were performed on hippocampal slices obtained from neonatal (5-7 day old) and adult (27-34 day old) rats. Electrical stimulation(More)
In the adult central nervous system, GABAergic synaptic inhibition is known to play a crucial role in preventing the spread of excitatory glutamatergic activity. This inhibition is achieved by a membrane hyperpolarization through the activation of postsynaptic gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) and GABAB receptors. In addition, GABA also depress transmitter(More)
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the principal neurotransmitter of inhibition in the adult mammalian brain. However, at early stages of development, including the embryonic period and first week of postnatal life, GABA plays the role of main neurotransmitter of excitation. The paradoxical excitatory effect of GABA is caused by an inverted chloride gradient(More)
In the rodent cerebellum, pharmacological activation of mGluR4 acutely depresses excitatory synaptic transmission at parallel fibre–Purkinje cell synapses. This depression involves the inhibition of presynaptic calcium (Ca2+) influx that ultimately controls glutamate release. In this study, we investigate the molecular basis of mGluR4-mediated inhibition of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Female hormones, specifically progesterone, that peak in the luteal phase may play a significant role in protecting premenopausal women from sleep-disordered breathing. The influence of female hormones on upper airway resistance during sleep was investigated during the follicular and luteal phases of normal menstrual cycles. SETTING(More)
In the cerebellum, retrograde release of glutamate (Glu) by Purkinje cells (PCs) participates in the control of presynaptic neurotransmitter release responsible for the late component of depolarization-induced suppression of excitation (DSE), as well as for depolarization-induced potentiation of inhibition (DPI). It might also participate in the(More)