Heather M. Amrine-Madsen

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The ɛ4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is currently the strongest and most highly replicated genetic factor for risk and age of onset of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). Using phylogenetic analysis, we have identified a polymorphic poly-T variant, rs10524523, in the translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 40 homolog (TOMM40) gene that(More)
Higher-level relationships within, and the root of Placentalia, remain contentious issues. Resolution of the placental tree is important to the choice of mammalian genome projects and model organisms, as well as for understanding the biogeography of the eutherian radiation. We present phylogenetic analyses of 63 species representing all extant eutherian(More)
Relationships among the seven extant orders of marsupials remain poorly understood. Most classifications recognize a fundamental split between Ameridelphia, which contains the American orders Didelphimorphia and Paucituberculata, and Australidelphia, which contains four Australasian orders (Dasyuromorphia, Diprotodontia, Notoryctemorphia, and Peramelina)(More)
Antibiotic efflux is an important mechanism of resistance in pathogenic bacteria. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a novel chromosomally encoded multidrug resistance efflux protein in Staphylococcus aureus, MdeA (multidrug efflux A). MdeA was identified from screening an S. aureus open reading frame expression library for(More)
Determining the genetic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus is important for better understanding of the global and dynamic epidemiology of this organism as we witness the emergence and spread of virulent and antibiotic-resistant clones. We genotyped 292 S. aureus isolates (105 methicillin resistant and 187 methicillin susceptible) using a combination(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of recent community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in the United States have been caused by a single clone, USA300. USA300 secretes Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) toxin, which is associated with highly virulent infections. METHODS We sequenced the PVL genes of 174 S. aureus isolates from(More)
BACKGROUND There is the need to properly characterize the temporal trend of U.S. Staphylococcus aureus infections, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and community-acquired (CA) MRSA in inpatient and outpatient settings. METHODS The study used the Surveillance Network(®) surveillance database (Eurofins Medinet) and the National(More)
The study consisted of data for 55,330 U.S. Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from The Surveillance Network(®) database for the period 2002-2008. Risk factors were time, age, sex, census region, location (Ward or ICU), and isolate source. Antimicrobial susceptibility data were available for carbapenems, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and(More)
Comparison of orthologous gene sequences is emerging as a powerful approach to elucidating functionally important positions in human disease genes. Using a diverse array of 132 mammalian BRCA1 (exon 11) sequences, we evaluated the functional significance of specific sites in the context of selection information (purifying, neutral, or diversifying) as well(More)
Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), encoded by the lukSF-PV genes, is a putative virulence factor and marker for community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Here we report the prevalence of PVL among a representative sample of 1,055 S. aureus infection isolates from the United States and describe the sequence variation of the lukSF-PV(More)