Heather L. Hernández

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The human proteins MOCS1A and MOCS1B catalyze the conversion of a guanosine derivative to precursor Z during molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis. MOCS1A shares homology with S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet)-dependent radical enzymes, which catalyze the formation of protein and/or substrate radicals by reductive cleavage of AdoMet through a [4Fe-4S] cluster.(More)
The radical-S-adenosylmethionine (radical-AdoMet) enzyme MiaB catalyzes the posttranscriptional methylthiolation of N-6-isopentenyladenosine in tRNAs. Spectroscopic and analytical studies of the reconstituted wild-type and C150/154/157A triple variant forms of Thermotoga maritima MiaB have revealed the presence of two distinct [4Fe-4S](2+,1+) clusters in(More)
The biosynthesis of the organometallic H cluster of [Fe–Fe] hydrogenase requires three accessory proteins, two of which (HydE and HydG) belong to the radical S-adenosylmethionine enzyme superfamily. The third, HydF, is an Fe–S protein with GTPase activity. The [4Fe–4S] cluster of HydF is bound to the polypeptide chain through only the three, conserved,(More)
The cofactor content of in vivo, as-isolated, and reconstituted forms of recombinant Escherichia coli biotin synthase (BioB) has been investigated using the combination of UV-visible absorption, resonance Raman, and Mössbauer spectroscopies along with parallel analytical and activity assays. In contrast to the recent report that E. coli BioB is a pyridoxal(More)
In Escherichia coli, the MiaB protein catalyzes the methylthiolation of N-6-isopentenyl adenosine in tRNAs, the last reaction step during biosynthesis of 2-methylthio-N-6-isopentenyl adenosine (ms2i6A-37). For the first time the thermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima is shown here to contain such a MiaB tRNA-modifying enzyme, named MiaBTm, and to(More)
The S-adenosylmethionine-dependent enzyme MoaA, in concert with MoaC, catalyzes the first step of molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, the conversion of guanosine 5'-triphosphate (5'-GTP) into precursor Z. A published X-ray crystal structure of MoaA with the substrate 5'-GTP revealed that the substrate might be bound to the unique iron of one of two 4Fe-4S(More)
The GcpE enzyme converts 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate (MEcPP) into (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl diphosphate (HMBPP) in the penultimate step of the DOXP pathway for isoprene biosynthesis. Purification of the enzyme under exclusion of air leads to a preparation that contains solely [4Fe-4S] clusters. Kinetic studies showed that in the(More)
Biotin synthase (BioB) converts dethiobiotin into biotin by inserting a sulfur atom between C6 and C9 of dethiobiotin in an S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent reaction. The as-purified recombinant BioB from Escherichia coli is a homodimeric molecule containing one [2Fe-2S](2+) cluster per monomer. It is inactive in vitro without the addition of exogenous(More)
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