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W orldwide, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest single cause of death among women, accounting for one third of all deaths. 1 In many countries, including the United States, more women than men die every year of CVD, a fact largely unknown by physicians. 2,3 The public health impact of CVD in women is not related solely to the mortality rate, given(More)
BACKGROUND Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), a noninflammatory disease of medium-size arteries, may lead to stenosis, occlusion, dissection, and/or aneurysm. There has been little progress in understanding the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and outcomes since its first description in 1938. METHODS AND RESULTS Clinical features, presenting symptoms, and vascular(More)
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1048 F ibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease that may result in arterial stenosis, occlusion, aneurysm, or dissection. The cause of FMD and its prevalence in the general population are not known. 4 FMD has been reported in virtually every arterial bed but most commonly affects the renal and extracranial carotid(More)
F ibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic vascular disease that most commonly affects the renal, carotid, and vertebral arteries. 1 Renal FMD is associated with renovascular hypertension, and patients may be referred for revascularization, generally with balloon angioplasty. We report a series of 2 patients with renal artery FMD who developed(More)
W e report 2 cases in which patients were misdiag-nosed as having fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) due to the finding of standing arterial waves on lower extremity angiography. Patient 1 A 40-year-old woman with a 3-year history of chronic fatigue, as well as bilateral exertional upper and lower extremity pain, was referred to our center for suspected FMD due(More)
Renal resistive index (RRI) measured by Doppler ultrasonography is associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertensive, diabetic, and elderly patients. We studied the factors associated with high RRI (≥0.70) and its associations with mortality in chronic kidney disease patients without renal artery stenosis. We included 1962 patients with an(More)
Background: The Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC) accredits vascular, echocardiography, nuclear medicine, PET, CT and MR imaging facilities. How those involved in the accreditation process view accreditation is unknown. We sought to examine the perception of accreditation from those who underwent the process successfully. Methods: An electronic(More)
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic vascular disease leading to stenosis, dissection and aneurysm affecting mainly the renal and cerebrovascular arteries. FMD is often an underdiagnosed cause of hypertension and stroke, has higher prevalence in females (~80%) but its pathophysiology is unclear. We analyzed ~26K common variants (MAF>0.05)(More)
F ibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic disease of medium-sized vessels that can present with arterial stenosis, beading, dissection, and aneurysm. While the most common sites of FMD are the renal and extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries, FMD has been reported in most arterial segments. 1 FMD does not affect the venous system. During(More)