Heather J. L. Brooks

Learn More
Retail raw meat was sampled for the presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) using enrichment culture and Vero cell assay. The STEC obtained were serotyped and tested for enterohaemolysin (Ehly) production and the eae gene. The presence of Shiga toxin genes (stx) was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. A total of 18 STEC were isolated(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an important disease of low birth-weight neonates. The immaturity of the gut mucosa may result in close contact between the host epithelium and microorganisms which are normally confined to the gut lumen. Damage of the mucosa due to endotoxin, cytokine production or other factors is believed to then occur. The aim of this(More)
A chitosan dextran-based (CD) hydrogel, developed for use in endoscopic sinus surgery, was tested for antimicrobial activity in vitro against a range of pathogenic microorganisms. The microdilution technique was used to determine minimum inhibitory, minimum bactericidal, and minimum fungicidal concentrations. In addition, the time-kill efficacy of CD(More)
Strains of Escherichia coli isolated from adult females with symptomatic urinary tract infection were found to possess the following properties significantly more frequently than faecal strains: (i) high K-antigen titre: (ii) haemolysin; (iii) type 1 pili; (iv) mannose-resistant haemagglutination; (v) fermentation of dulcitol and salicin; (vi) O serotype 2,(More)
Preliminary studies have indicated that the recently described bacterium Atopobium vaginae may have an association with bacterial vaginosis (BV). Fifty-five women attending the gynaecology out-patient's clinic were tested for the presence of this micro-organism, Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus and Bacteroides species by polymerase chain reaction(More)
BACKGROUND Non-sterile disposable gloves are used on large hospital wards, however their potential role as a vehicle for pathogen transmission has not been explored in this setting. AIMS This study investigates glove use on a hospital orthopaedic ward to examine whether pathogen contamination occurs prior to contact with patients. METHOD Glove samples(More)
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a progressive disease of the neonatal intestine beginning in the distal ileum and proximal colon and characterised by inflammatory necrosis [1,2]. It typically affects low birth-weight, preterm infants who account for the majority (70–90%) of cases [3–5]. Since the 1960s, advances in medical care have raised the survival(More)
In this paper, we report the in vitro biocompatibility and cellular interactions of a chitosan/dextran-based (CD) hydrogel and its components as determined by mutagenicity, cytotoxicity, cytokine/chemokine response, and wound healing assays. The CD hydrogel, developed for postsurgical adhesion prevention in ear, nose, and throat surgeries, was shown by(More)
AIMS To determine the degree of overlap in strain types of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from clinical cases and water samples from the Taieri catchment in the South Island of New Zealand. METHODS AND RESULTS Thermophilic Campylobacter were collected from human cases of infection, the main stem of the Taieri River and streams within distinct land-use(More)
Strains of Escherichia coli that produce Vero cytotoxin (VTEC) commonly cause diarrhoea, haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic-uraemic syndrome in many northern hemisphere countries. In these countries, serotype O157:H7/H-predominates and has caused large food-borne outbreaks of infection. In contrast, few cases of infection with this serotype have been(More)